Lumpur: India is not tilting towards the US and its
foreign policy is an expression of "enlightened national
interests", Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has said.
The prime minister also told Malaysia's New Straits Times in an
interview that New Delhi desired speedy reforms of the
international financial institutions so that rapidly growing
economies like India were properly represented.
Asked if India, once a vocal champion of non-alignment, was
tilting to America and the West, the Indian leader replied in the
"We are not tilting in any one direction. The foreign policy of
India is an expression of our enlightened national interests. In
the globalised world that we live in, the inter-relations and
interdependence of nations have increased enormously.
"Therefore, we seek good relations with all major superpowers -
the US, Russia, China, Japan. In our continent, ASEAN (Association
of Southeast Asian) countries have assumed great importance for
the orderly management of increased interdependence with Southeast
Asia. We, therefore, look to ASEAN countries to promote trade,
investment and multifaceted cooperation."
The prime minister admitted he was not satisfied with the pace of
G20's promised economic and financial reform.
"I think the world economy is not really in robust health. There
are uncertainties on the horizon. Therefore, on the promise that
G20 had held out, I think a lot more remains to be done to realise
it," he said.
"I think the reform of the international financial institutions
needs to be pushed at a faster pace than ever before. And the
coordination of macro-economic policies of various major countries
of the world is something that is not moving at the pace one would
have liked or anticipated in London or in Pittsburgh or even in
Toronto. So, I think there is scope for accelerating the pace of
Manmohan Singh, who is on his second leg of a three-nation Asian
tour, spoke glowingly about Malaysian Prime Minister Datuk Seri
Najib Razak's January visit to New Delhi.
"It was a landmark visit, and the prime minister said all the
right things. He committed himself along with me to work together
to nurture and promote multifaceted economic cooperation, and
these are things which need to be done.
"Malaysia is one of the most important countries of the ASEAN
region. Therefore, whatever we can say or do, I think is not
enough. I believe the sky is the limit in working together to
promote trade and investment and promote cooperation in
multilateral and regional fora."
Although India is growing at near nine percent, the
economist-turned-politician said the country had a "long way to go
in removing the ills of chronic and mass poverty... but I do feel
we are on the right track".
"In the current fiscal, we hope to achieve a growth rate of over
8.5 percent. Overall, the Indian economy has performed well
despite the effects of the global economic crisis and the severe
drought last year."
But he underlined that India's objective "is not just growth but
inclusive growth. To do so, we need to accelerate the growth rate
to 9-10 percent on a sustainable basis".
"We are making continual improvements in our policy regime and
implementation procedures. Our priority is to focus on
agriculture, infrastructure, health and education.
"I would be the last to say that there is no scope for reforms. I
think we need to move ahead in reforming our financial system. We
need to move ahead to put in place a reformed direct tax system,
and also a reformed indirect system which would lay a lot more
emphasis on goods and services tax as the major source of revenue
from indirect sources."
The prime minister went on to say that Indian companies today were
among the most entrepreneurial and competitive globally.
"We have liberalised the FDI (foreign direct investment) regime
because we also welcome and need foreign investment, capital,
technology and skills for our development plans. We want to ensure
a policy framework that is transparent, predictable, simple and
reduces regulatory burden."
Manmohan Singh said he wanted to see a comprehensive free trade
pact between India and Malaysia and ASEAN.
"We are quite keen to sign a comprehensive free trade arrangement
with the ASEAN countries. The goods section is in place. We
sincerely hope that all of us have the political will to move
ahead with the remaining part of the free trade area in services
as well as investments.
"India and Malaysia have successfully concluded negotiations on
the text of the India-Malaysia Comprehensive Economic Cooperation
Agreement (CECA). Both sides hope to conclude the remaining steps
and internal approval processes in the very near future. It is my
hope that the agreement will come into force next year.
"I am confident that the bilateral arrangement will qualitatively
transform our economic relations and boost trade and investment
flows between India and Malaysia...
"We attach high importance to the early conclusion of negotiations
on the trade-in-services and investment agreement. Both sides are
engaged in intensive negotiations, and we hope that a mutually
beneficial and high-quality agreement can be reached soon."
To a query, he said: "Our government is making continuous efforts
to improve and streamline the policies and procedures for foreign
companies to do business in India. We have taken a number of
significant measures to liberalise the investment regime and
simplify procedures for foreign companies."
"With the entry into force of the CECA with Malaysia next year,
there will be much greater opportunities for the Malaysian
business community in the Indian market.
"The sustained growth of the Indian economy and significant new
demands in the infrastructure sector present an excellent
opportunity for Malaysian companies in the coming years. We
welcome investments by Malaysian businesses," he added.
He said that India and China had followed different models of
growth best suited to their domestic requirements.
"Our FDI regime in both manufacturing and services is liberal and
increasingly oriented to requirements of foreign businesses. We
received about $35 billion in FDI in the last financial year and
we hope that this figure will grow. According to global agencies,
India is one of the three most popular destinations for FDI."
The prime minister agreed that lack of infrastructure was an
impediment to growth. "We are fully conscious of this. We have
announced a massive spending programme for infrastructure
development. I am conscious it cannot be done by government alone
because the resources required are huge.
"The strategy for infrastructure development, therefore, involves
a combination of public investments supplemented by private
investments through the public-private partnership (PPP) route.
"Malaysian companies are already participating in our highway and
power projects. We welcome much more participation from Malaysia.
"We will continue to improve the terms and conditions on which PPP
projects are awarded to ensure that the process is transparent,
bidding is competitive and, at the same time, public interest is
India, he added, was committed to resolving all outstanding issues
with Pakistan through dialogue.
"I met the prime minister of Pakistan on the sidelines of the
SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) Summit in
Bhutan in April. Both of us have charged our foreign ministers and
foreign secretaries with the responsibility of working out the
modalities for restoring trust and confidence in the relationship
and paving the way for a substantive dialogue on all issues of