Haryana has both good news and bad as far as the state's skewed
sex ratio is concerned.
First, the good news. As per the data by Census 2011, the state
has reported a rise in the sex ratio - 877 females per 1,000
males, the best figures in the last 110 years. The last census in
2001 showed the sex ratio to be 861. Within a decade, the sex
ratio has increased by 16 points.
Since the first census in the country in 1901, the latest
provisional figures have shown a marked improvement in the state's
But now, the bad news.
Haryana ranks lowest among all 28 states on the sex ratio front.
Against Kerala's high of 1,084 females per 1,000 males, Haryana
reports a sorry number of just 877.
"In Haryana, the sex ratio of 877 in Census 2011 is the highest
since 1901. Among the neighbouring states, sex ratio of Punjab is
893 and of Himachal Pradesh 974," Haryana's Director of Census
Operations Neerja Shekhar said.
The sex ratio recorded in the census carried out after every ten
years from 1901 to 2001 was 867, 835, 844, 844, 869, 871, 868,
867, 870, 865 and 861.
Though the state of Haryana was created Nov 1, 1966, the sex ratio
figures of earlier census includes the districts of erstwhile
Punjab, now part of Haryana.
But officials in the state are seeing a silver lining, even though
the state's sex ratio figures in the bottom of the all-India list.
"Haryana is one of the nine states in the country in which the
child sex ratio (0-6 years) has also shown an increasing trend. In
all remaining 27 states and union territories, the child sex ratio
has shown a decline over that in Census 2001," an official said
"As per Census 2001, the sex ratio of Haryana at birth was 819
females per 1,000 males. However, as per provisional census report
of 2011, Haryana has been able to arrest the declining trend. The
0-6 years child sex ratio had increased to 830 per 1,000 males,"
State Chief Secretary Urvashi Gulati said that although sex ratio
figures, compared to the 2001 numbers, are encouraging, a lot
remains to be done.
With a ban on sex determination tests, health officials in Haryana
had conducted over 11,600 searches in private clinics and health
centres to see if there was any violation of the Pre-Natal
Diagnostic Techniques (PNDT) Act.
Among Haryana's 21 districts, the best sex ratio has been achieved
in the backward districts of Mewat (906) and Fatehabad (903),
while the industrialised districts of Sonipat (853) and Gurgaon
(861) figure at the bottom.
The Haryana government is attributing the increase in sex ratio to
strict implementation of the PNDT Act. Health officials have been
conducting raids at private health centres and clinics across the
state to curb sex determination tests. The state government has
also floated several schemes for the girl child, including the
Ladli Scheme, which provides for financial incentives to poor
parents who have a girl child.
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