Ummid Assistant

'Pay Zakat ul Fitr to mend mistakes while fasting'

IGNOU trains teachers to develop online courses

Welcome Guest! You are here: Home » Science & Technology

From Brazil to Kerala: Hamza waters run deep below Amazon

Wednesday August 31, 2011 09:56:32 PM, Rahul Dass, IANS

Valiya Mannathal Hamza who has been bestowed the honour of an underground river flowing under the Amazon being named after him.

New Delhi: The 6,000-km Hamza river flows under the Amazon, an India connect to the world's longest river. And Valiya Mannathal Hamza, the Brazil-based scientist from Kerala who helped in the discovery of the underground river with his student, says he is thrilled their research has attracted such attention.

The Indian-origin professor at the National Observatory, Rio de Janeiro, has just been bestowed the rare honour of having the underground river flowing under the Amazon being named after him.

Brazilian scientists, who discovered the existence of the underground river last week, took the decision to name it after Hamza, in a tribute to his four-decade work in the region.

"I am happy that our research has attracted attention," Hamza, 70, told IANS over the phone.

It was past midnight in Rio de Janeiro when he took the telephone call. Hamza sounded enthusiastic but was also modest at his achievement.

My students decided to "name" the underground river after me, said Hamza, who has been in Brazil for nearly 40 years.

Hamza said his student Elizabeth Tavares Pimentel was working on her thesis when the study revealed the existence of the river below the Amazon.

The discovery was made possible thanks to research work performed at 241 wells that an oil company drilled in the Amazon region in the 1970s while prospecting for crude, according to the study.

The subterranean river runs at a depth of about 4,000 metres along a course similar to that of the Amazon.

The flow is just three percent of that of the Amazon river, which has its headwaters in the Peruvian jungle, empties into the Atlantic in northern Brazil and at 6,800 km is considered to be the world's longest river.

"It is possible," said Hamza when asked whether he would like to return to India to work on some project.

Hamza, who did his BSc in 1962 and MSc in 1964 from the University of Kerala in Thiruvananthapuram, moved to Canada to do his PhD in 1973.

"I come from a place near Calicut in Kerala," said Hamza, who first set foot in Brazil in 1974 and has since been conducting research work there.

Hamza, a geophysicist who works with graduate and postgraduate students, has to his credit over 100 publications in national and international journals.

Did he ever think he would spend a good part of his life in Brazil when he was in Kerala?

"Well, I don't know...That's difficult...," said Hamza.

And what about learning Portuguese?

"I had to teach students so I had to learn Portuguese," said the Indian-origin scientist before signing off.

(Rahul Dass can be contacted at




Bookmark and Share

Home | Top of the Page



Note: By posting your comments here you agree to the terms and conditions of

Comments powered by DISQUS




Top Stories

India celebrates Eid -- from Kashmir to down south

Millions celebrated Eid Wednesday with joy and religious fervour across the length and breadth of India  »

'Pay Zakat ul Fitr to mend mistakes while fasting'

Prayers, Sheerkhurma, Korma and Biryani… It’s Eid in India

Saudi Arabia, UAE and other Gulf states celebrate Eid Al Fitr

UAE to celebrate Eid Al Fitr Tuesday


  Most Read

Chinese Muslims celebrate Eid Al Fitr

Early Wednesday morning, Muslims from northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, as well as other Muslim-populated   »

Pakistan celebrates Eid Al Fitr

Omar tweet unfortunate, says BJP

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Wednesday flayed Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Omar Abdullah for his tweet linking the Tamil Nadu assembly resolution on the three men on the death row for the Rajiv Gandhi killing to parliament attack convict  »

Tamil Nadu assembly backs Rajive Gandhi killers


  News Pick

Most US Muslims feel targeted by govt’s anti-terror policies

More than half of Muslim-Americans in a new poll say government anti-terrorism policies single them out for increased surveillance  »

Communal clash leaves one dead, 10 injured

One person was killed and 10 others were injured during a communal clash in Uttar Pradesh's Kaushambhi district Wednesday, police said. Violence erupted after Hindus and Muslims in Kokhraj area had an argument  »

Hurricane Irene may be America's costliest catastrophe

As the US East Coast struggled to recover from the aftermath of Hurricane Irene, rising floodwaters forced thousands of evacuations in New Jersey and Connecticut with 13 flooded Vermont towns already cut off.  »

One mosquito coil equals 100 cigarettes, says expert

"Not many people know about it, but the damage done to your lungs by one mosquito coil is equivalent to the damage done by 100 cigarettes. This was according to a recent study conducted in Malyasia," said  »


Picture of the Day

The 27th of Ramadan (August 26, 2011 this year), "Laylet al-Qadr" (Night of Power), is one of the holiest nights of the Islamic calendar, the night when the Quran began to be revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him). Millions from around the world visit the Grand Mosque in Makkah from all over the world and pray over the night.



RSS  |  Contact us


| Quick links



Subscribe to

Ummid Assistant






About us




Government Schemes










Contact us





      Disclaimer | Terms of Use | Advertise with us | Link Exchange is part of the Awaz Multimedia & Publications providing World News, News Analysis and Feature Articles on Education, Health. Politics, Technology, Sports, Entertainment, Industry etc. The articles or the views displayed on this website are for public information and in no way describe the editorial views. The users are entitled to use this site subject to the terms and conditions mentioned.

© 2010 Awaz Multimedia & Publications. All rights reserved.