Maulana Syed Mushtaq Ali Nadwi, who was Nayab (deputy) Shahar Qazi,
has been elevated and anointed to the post of Bhopal Shahar Qazi
after the demise of Maulana Qari Syed Mohammad Fazil Qasmi who had
adorned the post till his last breath.
The newly appointed Shahar Qazi Maulana Syed Mushtaq Ali Nadwi
assumed office here on Tuesday amid the presence of employees and
his deputies including Nayab Qazis and Muftis. Masajid Committee
Bhopal announced the promotion of Nayab Qazi (deputy Qazi) Maulana
Syed Mushtaq Ali Nadwi as the new Shahar Qazi of Bhopal late in
the night on Monday last.
According to Masajid Committee sources with the elevation of
Maulana Mushtaq Nadwi, a post of deputy Qazi has been vacated that
would be filled up later on.
Soon after the burial of Maulana Fazil Qasmi, chairman of the
Masajid Committee Haleem Qureshi called an emergency meeting of
the committee late in the night. In view of the long experience of
Maulana Mushtaq Nadwi as the Nayab Qazi, it was unanimously
decided to put him on the helm of affairs of the Dar-ul-Qaza of
Bhopal. Late in the night the announcement followed about his
appointment for the top job. The meeting of the committee was
attended by its chairman Haleem Qureshi, Secretary Saeed Faruqui
and members Fazl-e-Bari and Syed Anwar Hussain.
Maulana Mushtaq Nadwi, (52), has been serving as the Nayab Qazi in
the Bhopal Dar-ul-Qaza for over two decades. He has earned his
Alim, Fazil and Qazi degrees from Nadwatul Ulema, Lucknow. He
specialized in Hadeeth Nabwi and Islamic Fiqh from Madinah
University from 1981 to 1985. Being a member of Rabta-e-Adab
Islami he has to his credit of having given his services in Saudi
Arabia in the field of religious education.
Having a long experience of serving as the Nayab Qazi, Maulana
Mushtaq Nadwi has the distinction of working with former Shahar
Qazis late Maulana Abdul Ali, late Maulana Abdul Lateef Qasmi and
late Maulana Qari Syed Mohammed Fazil Qasmi.
He has also had his grooming under the eminent clerics and
towering personalities of the city including Maulana Imran Khan
Nadwi, Maulana Syed Abid Ali Wajd-ul-Hussaini, Maulana Habeeb
Rehan and Peer Saeed Mian Mujaddadi.
It may be mentioned here that central Indian state Madhya Pradesh
capital Bhopal, which was the second largest Muslim princely state
after Hyderabad under the British rule wherein Nawabs and Begums
lorded over, has had the legacy of Dar-ul-Qaza court for the last
about 300 years. The city has seen a rich history of Shahar Qazis
with illustrious Maulana Syed Sulaiman Nadwi being the last of the
pre-Independence era. There is a locality known as Qazipura in the
walled city. Before India’s independence Shahar Qazi had the
powers of a judge. All matters whether civil or criminal were
brought to Qazi, whose decision was final and binding. This post
was looked upon with much awe as the person occupying the seat of
Shahar Qazi was considered to be very pious and dutiful. They gave
decision including that of death sentence and pardon.
Bhopal state, which was founded by a Mughal soldier Dost Mohammad
Khan in 1723 (Islamic year 1121 Hijri), who assumed the title of
Nawab after declaring his kingship. He had the first Shahar Qazi
as Qazi Mohammad Moazzam Sambhali. Since he hailed from Sambhal in
Uttar Pradesh, “Sambhali” was added to his name. After him during
the reign of Nawab Faiz Mohammad Khan Qazi Mohammad Moallim
“Sambhali” was made the second Shahar Qazi. He continued during
the reign of Nawab Wazir Mohammad Khan as well. After his demise
Qazi Mohammad Yaqoub was made Shahar Qazi.
Nawab Qudsia Begum’s rule witnessed two Shahar Qazis, first Qazi
Anmad Ali and then Qazi Hussain Ali. Mr. Syed Shareef Hussain was
the Shahar Qazi during Nawab Jahangir Mohammad Khan’s tenure. Qazi
Zainul Abedin (from Yemen who settled in Bhopal) was made Shahar
Qazi during the rule of Nawab Sikandarjahan Begum.
The rule of Nawab Shahjahan Begum and Nawab Sultanjahan Begum
witnessed four Shahar Qazis each. During Shahjahan Begum’s tenure
Qazi Mohammad Bashiruddin Usman, Qazi Sheikh Mohammad Jafar, Qazi
Mohammad Ayub and Qazi Mohammad Abdul Huq were anointed Shahar
During Nawab Sultanjahan Begum’s tenure Qazi Mohammad Yahya was
made Shahar Qazi followed by Qazi Siraj-ul-Huq, Qazi Mohiuddin and
Qazi Mohammad Yahya once again. Last ruler Nawab Hameedullah Khan
tenure had two Shahar Qazis viz. first Qazi Mohammad Hasan and
then Maulana Syed Sulaiman Nadwi from 1946 to 1950. Bhopal merged
with the India to be part of Madhya Pradesh in 1949.
Meanwhile, in post-Independence era who have served as the Bhopal
Shahar Qazis are: Mohammad Rizwanuddin (1951-1955); Qazi Mohammad
Shoeb (1955-1960); Qazi Abdul Hadi Khan (1960-1961); Maulana Syed
Abid Ali Wajd-ul-Hussaini (1961-1990), Qazi Abdul Ali Siddiqui
(1990-2002); Maulana Abdul Lateef Qasmi (2002-2010) and Maulana
Qari Syed Mohammad Fazil Qasmi (April 2010-December 2011). And now
the new incumbent who has been appointed Shahar Qazi is Maulana
Syed Mushtaq Ali Nadwi.
It may be mentioned here that Maulana Qari Syed Mohammad Fazil
Qasmi who was participating the three-day “Aalami Tablighi Ijtima”,
which began at Ghasipura in Eintkhedi village on the outskirts of
Bhopal on Saturday last, suffered a massive stroke on returning
home. He had led Asr Namaz at the Ijtima site wherein tens of
thousands are attending the religious congregation and later
offered Maghrib players also.
He also solemnized 30 of the about
400 Nikhas that were performed after Asr prayers. He returned home
after the Maghrib Namaz and after Isha Namaz he suffered the
stroke and thereafter passed away on the way while being rushed to