The following are the salient features of the proposed anti-graft
Lokpal bill introduced by the government in the Lok Sabha
Lokpal and its role
* The bill proposes to establish autonomous and independent
institutions called Lokpal at the central level and and Lokayukta
for states. These shall have powers of superintendence and
direction for holding a preliminary inquiry, causing an
investigation to be made and prosecution of offences in respect of
complaints under any law for the prevention of corruption.
* The Lokpal will consist of a chairperson and a maximum of eight
members of which fifty percent shall be judicial members.
* Fifty percent of members shall be from amongst Scheduled Caste
(SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST) and Other Backward Classes (OBC),
minorities and women.
* It has an inquiry wing for conducting the preliminary inquiry
and a separate independent prosecution wing.
* Officers of the Lokpal will include the secretary, director of
prosecution, director of inquiry and other officers.
Process of selection
* The selection of chairperson and members of Lokpal shall be
through a selection committee consisting of prime minister, Lok
Sabha speaker, Lok Sabha leader of opposition, chief justice of
India or a sitting Supreme Court judge nominated by chief justice.
* Eminent jurist to be nominated by the president of India.
* A search committee to assist selection committee in the process
of selection. Fifty percent of members of search committee shall
be from amongst SC, ST, OBCs, minorities and women.
* Prime minister has been brought under the purview of the Lokpal
with specific exclusions. Lokpal can not hold any inquiry against
the prime minister if allegations relate to international
relations, external and internal security of the country, public
order, atomic energy and space.
* Any decision of Lokpal to initiate preliminary inquiry or
investigation against prime minister shall be taken only by the
full bench with a 3/4th majority. Such proceedings shall be held
* Its jurisdiction to include all categories of public servants
including Group 'A', 'B', 'C' and 'D' officers and employees of
* On complaints referred by Lokpal, the Central Vigilance
Commission (CVC) will send its report in respect of Group 'A' and
'B' officers back to Lokpal for further decision. With respect to
Group 'C' and 'D' employees, the CVC will proceed further in
exercise of its own powers under the CVC act subject to reporting
and review by Lokpal.
* All entities receiving donations from foreign sources in the
context of the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) in
excess of Rs.10 lakh per year are brought under the jurisdiction
of the Lokpal.
* Lokpal will not be able to initiate suo moto inquiries.
Other significant features of the bill
* No prior sanction shall be required for launching prosecution in
cases enquired by Lokpal or initiated on the direction and with
the approval of Lokpal.
* Provisions for confiscation of property acquired by corrupt
means, even while prosecution is pending.
* Lokpal to be final appellate authority on all decisions by
public authorities relating to provision of public services and
redressal of grievances containing findings of corruption.
* Lokpal to have power of superintendence and direction over any
investigation agency including Central Bureau of Investigation
(CBI) for cases referred to them.
The bill also lays down clear time lines. For the preliminary
enquiry, it is three months extendable by three months and for
investigations it is six months extendable by six months. The
trial will have a one year period extendable by one year.