In comparison to last year, 9,000 more infants in Madhya Pradesh
have been saved from the jaws of death during the year 2010-11.
Thus, a fall of five points has been registered in infant
mortality rate during year 2010-11. During the last five years,
25,000 infants have been saved in the state, an official Press
In the wake of establishment of Neo-natal Intensive Care Units in
all the district hospitals in the state by Madhya Pradesh
government, the infant mortality rates came down to 62 per one
thousand during the year 2010 in comparison to 76 per thousand in
As per Sample Registration Survey, (SRS), report for December
2011, infant mortality rate in the state registered a fall of five
points representing a decline from 67 to 62 in the year 2009 while
a decline of only 3 per cent has been registered at the national
level. Thus, the fall in infant mortality rate in Madhya Pradesh
is more than any other state.
The infant mortality rate was 90 per one 1000 during year 1999
which was brought down to 79 per 1000 in the interval of five
years in 2004. A fall of 11 points was registered in IMR during
these five years. Similarly, a fall of 14 points was registered
from 2005 to 2010. The Public Health Department has fixed a target
to bring down infant mortality rate to 60 per thousand for the
year 2012. The department is undertaking several activities to
achieve this goal.
Establishment of Neonatal Intensive Care Units: It is vital for
bringing down child mortality rate that the infant mortality rate,
which is twice more than the child mortality rate, is brought
down. For achieving this goal, a target was fixed to set up a
Neo-natal Intensive Care Unit in all the district hospitals of the
state. At present, Neo-natal Intensive Care Units are operative in
33 district hospitals. These units have been set up at Guna,
Shivpuri, Sehore, Vidisha, Jabalpur, Katni, Ratlam, Mandsaur,
Satna, Gwalior, Datia, Ujjain, Bhind, Hoshangabad, Bhopal,
Khargone, Khandwa, Shahdol, Raisen, Chhatarpur, Neemuch, Seoni,
Sheopur, Ashok Nagar, Jhabua, Mandla, Shajapur, Panna, Dhar,
Tikamgarh, Morena, Narsinghpur and Rajgarh. Seven more units will
be added by March 31, 2012. In all, 29,446 newborns were provided
treatment at the existing units by November 2011. Besides, 25,634
infants have been saved from the jaws of death. Moreover, 4-bed
intensive care units for the treatment of ailing newborns are also
being set up in selected civil hospitals and community health
Newborn Corners in health institutions: Newborn Corners have been
set up in all the health institutions having the facility of
delivery with a view to ensuring proper health care of newborns.
These units are equipped with necessary appliances to take care of
newborns. The paramedical staff deployed there are trained to take
care of newborns. So far, 80 percent of the staff has been
Encouragement to breastfeeding: Breastfeeding is one of most
important activities for bringing down infant mortality rate.
Consultants have been appointed to advice health institutions on
breastfeeding. It is also being ensured that the mother
breastfeeds the child soon after its birth and keeps breastfeeding
the child till the age of six months. Following this, nutritious
food should also be served to the child along with mother's milk.
Home-based caretaking of newborns: The period of 28 days after the
birth is very sensitive for the newborn. Possibility of death of
the newborn is maximum in this period. ASHA workers are being
trained to visit every house in villages to identify newborns,
start preliminary treatment and if need be, refer them to higher
health institutions. Necessary kits are being provided to ASHA
workers for this purpose.
Vaccination: Year 2011-2012 is being observed as Vaccination Year
in the state with a view to ensuring cent percent vaccination of
children. Cent per cent vaccination is ensured by identifying
every child through mother and child tracking system.