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Fall in infant mortality rate in MP more than national average claimed

Thursday December 29, 2011 10:58:13 PM, Pervez Bari, ummid.com

Bhopal: In comparison to last year, 9,000 more infants in Madhya Pradesh have been saved from the jaws of death during the year 2010-11. Thus, a fall of five points has been registered in infant mortality rate during year 2010-11. During the last five years, 25,000 infants have been saved in the state, an official Press release claimed.

In the wake of establishment of Neo-natal Intensive Care Units in all the district hospitals in the state by Madhya Pradesh government, the infant mortality rates came down to 62 per one thousand during the year 2010 in comparison to 76 per thousand in 2005.

As per Sample Registration Survey, (SRS), report for December 2011, infant mortality rate in the state registered a fall of five points representing a decline from 67 to 62 in the year 2009 while a decline of only 3 per cent has been registered at the national level. Thus, the fall in infant mortality rate in Madhya Pradesh is more than any other state.

The infant mortality rate was 90 per one 1000 during year 1999 which was brought down to 79 per 1000 in the interval of five years in 2004. A fall of 11 points was registered in IMR during these five years. Similarly, a fall of 14 points was registered from 2005 to 2010. The Public Health Department has fixed a target to bring down infant mortality rate to 60 per thousand for the year 2012. The department is undertaking several activities to achieve this goal.

Establishment of Neonatal Intensive Care Units: It is vital for bringing down child mortality rate that the infant mortality rate, which is twice more than the child mortality rate, is brought down. For achieving this goal, a target was fixed to set up a Neo-natal Intensive Care Unit in all the district hospitals of the state. At present, Neo-natal Intensive Care Units are operative in 33 district hospitals. These units have been set up at Guna, Shivpuri, Sehore, Vidisha, Jabalpur, Katni, Ratlam, Mandsaur, Satna, Gwalior, Datia, Ujjain, Bhind, Hoshangabad, Bhopal, Khargone, Khandwa, Shahdol, Raisen, Chhatarpur, Neemuch, Seoni, Sheopur, Ashok Nagar, Jhabua, Mandla, Shajapur, Panna, Dhar, Tikamgarh, Morena, Narsinghpur and Rajgarh. Seven more units will be added by March 31, 2012. In all, 29,446 newborns were provided treatment at the existing units by November 2011. Besides, 25,634 infants have been saved from the jaws of death. Moreover, 4-bed intensive care units for the treatment of ailing newborns are also being set up in selected civil hospitals and community health centres.

Newborn Corners in health institutions: Newborn Corners have been set up in all the health institutions having the facility of delivery with a view to ensuring proper health care of newborns. These units are equipped with necessary appliances to take care of newborns. The paramedical staff deployed there are trained to take care of newborns. So far, 80 percent of the staff has been trained.

Encouragement to breastfeeding: Breastfeeding is one of most important activities for bringing down infant mortality rate. Consultants have been appointed to advice health institutions on breastfeeding. It is also being ensured that the mother breastfeeds the child soon after its birth and keeps breastfeeding the child till the age of six months. Following this, nutritious food should also be served to the child along with mother's milk.

Home-based caretaking of newborns: The period of 28 days after the birth is very sensitive for the newborn. Possibility of death of the newborn is maximum in this period. ASHA workers are being trained to visit every house in villages to identify newborns, start preliminary treatment and if need be, refer them to higher health institutions. Necessary kits are being provided to ASHA workers for this purpose.

Vaccination: Year 2011-2012 is being observed as Vaccination Year in the state with a view to ensuring cent percent vaccination of children. Cent per cent vaccination is ensured by identifying every child through mother and child tracking system.

(pervezbari@eth.net)

 

 

 


 


 

 

 

 

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