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Muslims welcome Islamic Calendar's New Year

Sunday November 27, 2011 06:38:32 PM, Staff Reporter

Malegaon: As the crescent appeared over the horizon once again after completing the full circle November 06 yesterday, it brought along with it, the New Year for Muslims in the Indian sub continent. Muslims in the Arabian Peninsula and other parts of the world began the new a day before.


“The new moon that appeared yesterday brought along with it the month of Moharram al-Haram. The month of glory and resurgence”, says Rehnuma Tabassum, a student into the Islamic studies, adding, “Moharram al-Haram is the first month of the Islamic Calendar, which is based on lunar system."


"With this, the Islamic Calendar, popularly known as the Hijari Calendar has leaped into its 1433rd year", she adds.


Elaborating further on the Hijari Calendar she says, Muslims in their respective Provinces, following the Arab tradition during those times, were used to count the days and months – with sighting of the new moon and counting the days thereafter without following any particular calendar or dating system as such. The system, however, had its own disadvantages that began to surface after the Islamic State spread to new areas.


Rehnuma says, "The Caliph, the Supreme Head of the Islamic State, was used to issue all the Guidelines and Pronouncements to the Governors of various Islamic Provinces from Madinah."


“Things were actually working fine. But confusion arose when contradictory orders started reaching far away Provinces at the same time. Since these orders were not carrying any date, it became very difficult for the Governors to find out which one of the orders was the latest and supposed to be followed with", she recalls.


To overcome the confusion, Caliph Omar finally decided to introduce the Islamic Calendar and asked the people for their opinions and suggestions on the matter. Consequently various historical events, including the year when the Prophet was born, the year of the Prophethood, the time of Migration and the time when the Prophet had died, were proposed by the people.


“However unanimity surfaced for the year that coincided with the migration of the Prophet from Makkah as the commencing year of the Islamic Calendar. For, it was the migration of Prophet Mohammad (Peace be Upon Him) from Makkah to Madinah that had resulted Islam nurturing into the new heights and spreading to the whole Arab lands, and also to the surrounding States", Rehnuma says quoting from the history.


“Moreover”, she says, “Moharram al-Haram was also associated with many historical events and the month has always been considered as one among the four most respected and sacred months since centuries. These features only added strength to the selection of Moharram al-Haram as the first month of the Islamic calendar”.


The Islamic Calendar thus introduced and adopted more than 1400 hundred years ago, soon became very popular and also became part and partial of the calendars in every Muslim household.





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