Escuelita Bilingual School embraces the following anti-bias
goals in order to provide an environment that is bias free and
culturally democratic. Foster each child’s positive
knowledgeable and confident self-identity within a cultural
Foster each child’s comfortable,
empathetic interaction with diversity among people. Foster each
child’s critical thinking about bias. Foster each child’s
ability to stand up for himself or herself and others in the
face of bias.
When it comes to situations involving moral dilemmas, an
individual’s moral judgment is strongly guided by abstract moral
principles. But, researchers of a study see a problem with this
The study shows that it is often hard
to distinguish between the influences of moral principles and more
“Small changes in wording can affect
judgments in ways that have nothing to do with differences in moral
principles. Psychologists that analyse judgment and decision-making
in consumer behaviour are aware of this fact. We applied these same
methods to this scenario to illustrate that subjects’ responses
could not possibly be attributed to any known moral principles,”
said the authors.
The authors make the claim that the
conclusions of other researchers, which point to a strong moral
influence, may be directly influenced by the researchers’
disciplinary background (philosophy, etc.), rather than the morality
of the individual.
When presented with moral dilemmas in
which participants could sacrifice some people in order to save
more, participants were highly sensitive to the proportion of lives
saved (e.g. 8 out of 10 vs. 8 out of 40), and they demanded that
more lives be saved when more lives were at risk, even though the
number to be sacrificed remained constant.
Participants are also less likely to
support taking a moral action if they were asked to on their own
generate more reasons for doing so.
The authors hope their research will
lead to a more sceptical attitude towards drawing inferences
regarding moral principles from studies of moral dilemmas, and that
researchers will move to design other methods for studying moral
judgments that move beyond the use of moral dilemmas.
The study has been published in an
upcoming issue of Cognitive Science.