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Exploring Ramadan Part VII

'Pay Zakat ul Fitr to mend the mistakes while fasting': Allah has made it obligatory on every Muslim a charity called Zakat ul Fitr. In last of the video series that .... Read Full

Moon     Tarawih     Saum  

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Night of Qadr

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Exploring Ramadan Part VII

'Pay Zakat ul Fitr to mend the mistakes while fasting'

Thursday, September 17, 2009 10:45:04 AM, Team

Video: Exploring Ramadan Part VII

Part I - Fasting is prescribed so that you may learn self-restraint: The new moon over the horizon manifested the beginning of Ramadan, the holy month in Islamic calendar believed to be having some of the most auspicious..... Read Full

Part II Offer prayers in Ramadan nights to seek forgiveness: Tarawih, the Special Night Prayer is the first prayer that Muslims offer immediately after the new moon pronounces the beginning of the Holy month..... Read Full

Part III Saum

Part IV Quran

Part V Itekaf

Part VI Night of Qadr

Ramadan, the Muslim holy month of fasting enters its final phase. The holy month which began a month ago with sighting of the new moon will culminate when the new moon will appear once again over the horizon in a day or two. The new moon this time will bring Eid Al Fitr, the festival celebrated to mark the end of one month's fasting. It is the day of celebration.


In order that every Muslim on this day enjoys the occasion, Allah has made it obligatory a charity called Zakat ul Fitr. In last of the video series that began with virtues of Ramadan, Maulana Izhar Bashar Madani explains the concept of Zakat ul Fitr, the Eid charity or Sadqat ul Fitr. The Excerpts:


Zakat ul-fitr is a type of sadaqah which must be paid by every Muslim, young and old, male and female, free and slave, at the end of the month of fasting (Ramadan). As Al-Bukhari and Muslim relate from Ibn 'Umar that he said: "The Prophet, upon whom be peace, enjoined the payment of one sa' of dates or one sa' of barley as zakat ul-fitr on every Muslim, young and old, male and female, free and slave."


Zakat ul-fitr was made obligatory in the month of Sha'ban in the second year of the hijrah. Its purpose is to purify one who fasts from any indecent act or speech and to help the poor and needy. This view is based upon the hadith reported by Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, and ad-Daraqutni from Ibn 'Abbas. The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, enjoined zakat ul-fitr on the one who fasts to shield one's self from any indecent act or speech and for the purpose of providing food for the needy. It is accepted as zakah for the person who pays it before the Eid salah, and it is sadaqah for the one who pays it after the salah.


The required amount of zakat ul-fitr is one sa' of wheat, barley, raisins, dry cottage cheese (aqit), rice, corn, or similar items considered as basic foods (qut). Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported: "We used to give on behalf of every child, old person, freeman, and slave during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, one sa' of food, or one sa' of dried cottage cheese, or one sa' of barley, or one sa' of dates, or one sa' of raisins as zakat ul-fitr. We continued to do so until Mu'awiyyah came to us to perform pilgrimage (hajj) or a minor pilgrimage ( 'umrah). He then addressed the people from the pulpit and said to them: 'I see that two mudds of wheat of Syria equals one sa' of dates.' The people accepted that." However, Abu Sa'id contended: "I would continue to give as I used to give, namely, one sa' as long as I live." This is related by most hadith narrators. At-Tirmidhi remarks: "Some of the scholars gave one sa' from every charitable item [which is accepted as a sound practice]." Ash-Shaf'i and Ishaq sustain this view but some other scholars gave one sa' from every charitable item except wheat, of which only half a sa' would be sufficient.


Most scholars believe that it is permissible to pay zakat ul-fitr a day or two before Eid. Ibn 'Umar reports that the Messenger, upon whom be peace, ordered them to pay zakat ul-fitr before the people went out to perform the Eid prayers. Nafi' reports that 'Umar used to pay it a day or two before the end of Ramadan.

(With inputs from Fiqhus Sunnah)










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