New Delhi: The work participation rate of Indian Muslims is lowest though the community showed impressive improvement in literacy rate, in fact it led the minorities in the country in terms of gains in the last ten years, according to data presented in the Lok Sabha on July 21, 2016.
According to the data presented in the parliament by Ministry of Minority Affairs, Muslims work participation rate according to 2001 census was 31.3%. The community showed work participation rate of 32.6% - a marginal improvement of just 1.3%, in 2011.
The data showed, Jains reported the maximum improvement in work-participation rate, 2.6 percentage points, from 32.9% in 2001 to 35.5% in 2011.
Jains were followed by Buddhists (2.5 percentage points), Christians (2.2 percentage points), and Muslims (1.3 percentage points). While Sikhs have seen a decline of 1.4 percentage points in work-participation rates, from 37.7% in 2001 to 36.3% in 2011, Hindus have seen a marginal improvement by 0.6 percentage points.
As against the 1.3% "improvement" in work participation rate, the Muslims showed an increase of 9.4% points, from 59.1% in 2001 to 68.5% in 2011 in terms of literacy rate. This is the highest if compared with the literacy rate of other minorities in the country.
Muslims are followed by Buddhists (8.6 percentage points), Sikhs (6 percentage points), Christians (4.2 percentage points) and Jains (0.8 percentage points). Hindus—the dominant religious community in the country—reported an increase of 8.2 percentage points to 73.3% over a decade.
Despite improvement, Muslims still lag other communities with a literacy rate of 68.5%, compared to Hindus (73.3%), Christians (84.5%), Sikhs (75.4%) and Jains (94.9%), according to census 2011. Muslims, who comprise 14.4% of India’s population, rank at the bottom of the higher-education ladder, according to the IndiaSpend report.
Muslims with about 14% of the total population in India are considered as the largest minority group. Various reports by government and NGOs suggested that Muslims are denied equal opportunity due to rampant bias against them in government as well as private sectors in India.
Sachar Committee Report 2006 - submitted by a high level committee constituted by Prime Minister of India in fact concluded that Indian Muslims are lagging behind others in all respects - in some cases their condition is even worse than SCs and STs.