'Parent-to-child transmission of HIV high in India'
While India may have stemmed the AIDS epidemic "it miserably
failed in prevention of parent to child transmission of HIV", says
the AIDS Society of India (ASI), a professional body of doctors in
New Delhi: Away from a
group of children playing in a lush green park in the heart of the
capital, eight-year-old Shashank huddles on an iron bench in a
secluded corner. "I am HIV positive, so I can't play with them
now. I wish I could join them," he says.
He got infected at birth from his mother. According to the
National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO), nearly 18,000 children
got HIV from 65,000 affected mothers in the country in 2009.
Shashank (name changed) was diagnosed as HIV positive in 2004. He
has now got used to facing discrimination all the time.
"At the time of Shashank's birth in 2002, I got blood transfusion
at a government hospital in Delhi, and they gave me HIV infected
blood. Both me and my son are HIV positive now," Shashank's mother
"Some school authorities also refused to take him when they saw
HIV positive mentioned on his birth certificate," she added.
His mother is reluctant to reveal the government hospital's name
as she has lost the papers of blood transfusion, and is unable to
Shashank, who lives with his family in a rented accommodation in
west Delhi, now studies in a government school nearby. The Class 2
student falls ill frequently and needs constant medication, but he
aspires to join the police when he grows up.
"I want to be like other children. But the moment I say I am
affected by HIV, I am made to feel like a victim," he said.
Social activists working for HIV affected children admit that even
though there is a fall in the number of HIV-AIDS-affected in the
country, and there are adequate funds by the government to provide
medicines at the Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) centres, basic
right to education, employment and nutrition are still denied to
"The problem comes when the status of any HIV positive person is
revealed in public. There is a lot of stigma and discrimination
associated with the disease, which is wiping away all efforts to
spread awareness about its prevention," said Sahil, a member of
voluntary organisation ActionAid.
Globally, around three million children are affected by HIV
through parent to child transmission.
Thalassemia affected children, who require blood transfusion in
every 15 days, are often given HIV infected blood.
"The need is to move beyond the dialogue of AIDS prevention. There
have been cases where HIV positive people were not even allowed to
use the common village tap," Parvinder Singh, communications
manager with the ActionAid, told IANS.
"Focus on a stigma-free life should be a priority," he added.
Cases of discrimination show the sordid state of affairs in some
of the most developed parts of the country.
Miles away in Hyderabad, Rohit and Anurag (names changed) lead a
fate almost similar to that of Shashank's.
"A month back I came to know I am HIV positive because of
infected-blood transfusion. I have lost my mother to AIDS," Anurag,
10, bravely told a massive crowd at a public hearing organised in
the capital by ActionAid.
"Everyone laughs at me, my teachers taunt me. When I come home, I
sit alone as I realise it is a dangerous disease," he said.
Rohit's story is no different. "During recess nobody sits with me.
My friends have changed the words of a song to tease me, saying I
have a strange disease that will spread to everyone," he said.
The lack of most basic information on how HIV spreads is
contributing to stigma, experts say. India has around 3.1 million
people infected by HIV/AIDS.
"An HIV positive person's first support system is the family.
Also, it is the responsibility of doctors and society as a whole
to not let discrimination happen in any way," said Seema Rawat
(name changed), 32, a fellow with ActionAid for the last four
"Lack of family support, financial crisis, fear of societal
discrimination are making it difficult for HIV positive people to
lead a respectful life. Financial crisis makes HIV positive women
go into prostitution, after which they become high-risk groups,"
added Rawat, who was diagnosed with HIV in the year 2004.
Rohit, Anurag and Shashank are back in their hometowns these days,
still leading a life of anonymity and struggling for their rights
"I know death will strike everybody one day. Maybe, it will strike
me early because I am HIV positive," said Shashank, whose
experiences have made him mature beyond his young age.