New Delhi: Public
officials in India may be cornering as much as Rs.92,122 crore
($18.42 billion), or 1.26 percent of the GDP, through corruption,
says a new book by two economic experts.
Bibek Debroy and Laveesh Bhandari estimate on the strength of
Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) figures that most bribery
is accrued from the transport industry, real estate and "other
Pegging the figure of bribery from "other public services" at
Rs.14,594 crore ($2.92 billion), the authors say this is mainly
accounted for by leakages from official welfare programmes.
Real estate and related business services involving registration
of property and stamp duties account for Rs.12,534 crore ($2.5
billion) in corruption, says their book "Corruption in India: The
DNA and RNA" (Konark Publishers).
Bribery at multiple checkpoints and by revenue officials, police
and customs in the transport sector generate Rs.11,267 crore
($2.25 billion) in corruption, the authors say.
The book estimates bribery amount from illegal mining, theft from
public mines and licensing at Rs.9,578 crore ($1.91 billion).
This is followed by corruption in government procurement (Rs.9,144
crore or $1.82 billion). Bribe taking by inspectors, police and
local bodies in unregistered manufacturing totals Rs.6,600 crore
Other sectors which enrich corrupt public servants are
agriculture, forestry and logging, fishing, registered
manufacturing, electricity, gas and water supply, construction,
trade, hotels and restaurants, railways, storage, communication,
and banking and insurance.
Debroy is a professor with Delhi's Centre for Policy Research.
Bhandari heads Indicus Analytics, monitoring the performance of
the Indian economy.