Direct link to scholarships offered by  Govt. of India

List of Private NGOs offering scholarships

Abu Marwan Abdal Malik Ibn Zuhr: ‘Avenzoar’

Abu Marwan Abdal Malik Ibn Zuhr, known in the west as Avenzoar, was

Ummid Assistant

IRF invites applications for Education Scholarship

Welcome Guest! You are here: Home » National

India does first urban poverty survey

Tuesday May 31, 2011 06:53:15 PM, Prashant Sood, IANS

Related Articles

100 million more Indians now living below the poverty line

India now has 100 million more people living below the poverty line than in 2004, according to official estimates released on Sunday. The poverty rate has risen to 37.2 percent of   »

How much poor is poor enough?

People Without History: India's Muslim Ghettos

Difficult to make India slum-free in five years: MoHUPA

New Delhi: The first survey to determine how many poor live in India's urban areas will start early in June to ensure the success of the country's ambitious schemes for food security and slum-free cities.

According to the Ministry of Housing and Poverty Alleviation, the survey will be finished by December in all states and cover all urban households. The numbers will be out by the end of January 2012.

"It is for the first time that such a survey is being done. This is important in the context of the proposed food security act and the Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY) which aims to make cities free of slums besides better targeting of other schemes," a ministry official, who preferred not to be identified, told IANS.

An estimated 90 million of the 300 million living in India's roughly 45 cities and over 5,000 towns are poor, he said.

The Planning Commission, which makes official estimates of poverty, had told the Supreme Court this month that daily consumption expenses per head of Rs.20 in urban areas and Rs.15 in rural areas (at 2004-05 prices) was the poverty cut-off line.

"The figures will be useful for RAY which will be launched next month," the official said, adding the scheme for slum-free cities will have gained critical mass by January next year.

He added that the government had constituted a task force to monitor the progress of the urban BPL survey.

A meeting of chief secretaries and rural and urban housing secretaries has been called Tuesday to discuss the "modus operandi" of the survey and gear up the official machinery.

The union cabinet had May 19 approved BPL census in urban and rural areas along with the caste census.

The official said that a questionnaire has been prepared for ground staff which will carry out the survey and people will be identified on the basis of "definition of urban BPL" being finalised by the Hashim committee.

The Planning Commission had constituted an expert group under S.R. Hashim in May 2010 to recommend detailed methodology for identification of BPL families in urban areas in the context of the 12th Five Year Plan.

The expert group submitted an interim report this month recommending that poverty in urban areas be identified through idenitification of specific vulnerabilities in residential, occupational and social categories.

It said that those who are houseless, live in temporary houses where usage of dwelling space is susceptible to insecurity of tenure and is affected by lack of access to basic services should be considered residentially vulnerable.

Houses with people unemployed for a significant proportion of time or with irregular employment or whose work is subject to unsanitary or hazardous conditions or have no stability of payment for services should be regarded occupationally vulnerable.

Households headed by women or minors or where the elderly are dependent on the head of household or where the level of literacy is low or members are disabled or chronically ill should be considered socially vulnerable, it said.

The expert group is yet to finalise the detailed methodology for an ordinal ranking of the poor on the basis of vulnerability.

The MHUPA official said that the BPL survey will be done by staff of municipalities or urban departments in 45 major cities.

"In smaller towns, district magistrate will be the nodal officer," he said, adding the ministry will provide technical support to the states.

The rural development ministry is mandated to conduct BPL surveys every five years.

The official said the questionnaire prepared for urban BPL survey will obtain information on several parameters including income, number of members, type of house and availability of amenities.

"The survey will also give us information about housing shortage and deficiency in services in urban areas," he said.

Ministry officials said that states had been devising their own criteria to identify urban poor or had based their estimates on rural BPL survey and National Sample Survey Office data, but this did not provide a reliable picture.

(Prashant Sood can be contacted at




  Bookmark and Share                                          Home | Top of the Page


Note: By posting your comments here you agree to the terms and conditions of

Comments powered by DISQUS




Top Stories

India, Pakistan hold 'cordial, constructive' Siachen talks

India and Pakistan Monday inched forward in their efforts to resolve the 27-year-old dispute over   »

Majority in India and Pakistan wants peace between both countries

Job well done if ties with Pakistan improve: PM

Yusuf Raza Gilani: Pakistan wants good relations with India


  Most Read

Communal Violence Bill: Let the dogs bark as the caravan goes

The Union Cabinet has approved the draft of Communal Violence (Prevention, Control and Rehabilitation of Victims) Bill. The Bill is now ready to be introduced in the Parliament.  »

Lokpal Bill panel to consult states, parties on 'divergent views'

The joint Lokpal Bill drafting committee Monday decided to seek the views of states and political parties on "issues of divergence" on the proposed legislation as the government and civil society  »

Meet on Lokpal Bill ends amid major differences


  News Pick

Dalai Lama reverses 350-year-old tradition

When Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama devolved his "formal authority" to the elected leadership of the Tibetan exiles, he created history of sorts  »

Plan panel meeting on eastern region begins in Patna

A Planning Commission meeting for eastern region to discuss the approach paper for the next five-year plan began in the Bihar capital Monday, officials said. "The meeting will discuss the approach paper related to 12th Five  »

Malaysia Muslims advised not to drink halal beer

Muslims in Malaysia have been advised against drinking a type of beer claimed to be halal (permissible) by the distributor because the beverage contained alcohol content higher than   »

An MBA from Derbyshire, now a sarpanch in Kashmir

He earned a masters in business administration (MBA) in Derbyshire and was flooded with job offers. But Gurmeet Singh Bajwa had other dreams. He has just been elected a sarpanch of a small village close to the Pakistan border.  »

Blasts rock Russian arms depot, nearby residents evacuated

Intermittent blasts rocked a troubled arms depot Monday morning in Russia, forcing evacuation of locals to avoid any casualties, police said. Police started evacuation of residents of the Ural mountain village of Urman amid powerful   »


Picture of the Day

The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh addressing the Joint Session of Ethiopian Parliament, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on May 26, 2011.



RSS  |  Contact us

| Quick links



Subscribe to

Ummid Assistant






About us




Government Schemes










Contact us





      Disclaimer | Terms of Use | Advertise with us | Link Exchange is part of the Awaz Multimedia & Publications providing World News, News Analysis and Feature Articles on Education, Health. Politics, Technology, Sports, Entertainment, Industry etc. The articles or the views displayed on this website are for public information and in no way describe the editorial views. The users are entitled to use this site subject to the terms and conditions mentioned.

© 2010 Awaz Multimedia & Publications. All rights reserved.