Ummid Assistant

Samsung sets up fund for poor kids' education

US varsity offers doctorate for education professionals

Welcome Guest! You are here: Home » Views & Analysis

Selective representation of Hyderabadi history by Guha and Karat

Friday April 06, 2012 10:54:35 AM, Ayub Khan

When elephants fight it is the grass that suffers. When two intellectual giants of India clash it is the facts that take a beating. In their exchange in the Caravan Magazine (June and November 2011) historian Ramachandra Guha and Communist Party of India Marxist General Secretary Prakash Karat debated past, present and future of Indian Communism. Their respective representations of the events surrounding the annexation of Hyderabad, however, were distorted and factually incorrect.

Contrary to Mr. Karat’s denial the Communists did enter into an agreement with the Nizam’s government. It was a result of this agreement that the Nizam’s government lifted the ban on the Communist Party on 4 May 1948. This much was attested to by Communist leader P. Sundarayya who writes in the Telangana People’s Struggle and its Lessons:

“The Hyderabad City Committee [Communist]…issued a press statement that the Indian government, being a bourgeois-landlord government, was allied with British imperialism, that we should oppose the Indian army’s entry into Hyderabad and raise the slogan of Azad Hyderabad (p.79).

Sundarayya later denied that any alliance occurred but that it did was attested to by other contemporary records. A Madras Intelligence Report of May 1948, for instance, states:

“The Communists are now alleged to be acting with the connivance and sometimes in actual association with the Razakars and the Nizam’s police. Whether this is true or not, it is quite conceivable that the Communists have taken advantage of the lifting of the ban on their party within the Nizam’s dominions to make Hyderabad territory the base for their operations in Indian territory.”

Similarly, A Kaleshwar Rao, Andhra Congress leader , in a report to the Government of Indian in June 1948, clearly states:

“The Hyderabad government has lifted the ban on the Communist Party and withdrawn all warrants of arrest against Communist leaders. A pact is said to have been entered into between Communists and the Ittahud-ul-Muslimeen.”

In the light of these evidences from multiple sources it is not too far fetched to claim that the Communists did enter into an agreement with the Nizam’s government and the Razakars.

Mr. Guha, in his response to Mr. Karat, states that “in 1946 there were no Razakars at all.” This is incorrect as they were officially formed in 1938. It can, however, be said that they became aggressive and militant under the leadership of Kassim Razawi in 1947.

Contrary to Mr. Guha’s assertion not all Razakars and members of the Majlis were “supremacists.” These two organizations consisted of Muslims and the lower castes with varying inclinations and tendencies. This is attested to by the existence of extremist and moderate wings in the organizations. In addition, many of them were barely in their tendencies. It is surprising that Mr. Guha who has done a masterful job of dissecting the various strands of Indian nationalism has overlooked the diversity in the Hyderabadi sovereignist movement. Perhaps his ignorance of the Urdu language is to blame for this oversight.



Home | Top of the Page


Note: By posting your comments here you agree to the terms and conditions of

Comments powered by DISQUS






Top Stories

Pakistan hopes Manmohan-Zardari talks will push peace

India has maintained a studied silence over the forthcoming meeting between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Pakistan President Asif  »

J-K parties hope Manmohan-Zardari talks will help ease travel norms

PM to hold pre-lunch talks with Zardari, all issues on table


  Most Read

'Assamese Muslims hounded and caught in political illusion'

THE foreigners’ issue has been hanging as a Damocles sword over the heads of Assamese since independence and in its name thousands of genuine Assamese residents – Bengali  »

'SP compromising national security by appeasing Muslims'

The Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) Thursday slammed the Samajwadi Party government in Uttar Pradesh for its "overzealousness" to please Muslims. Taking offence at the state Home Department's move to seek the views of the Law Department on the status and charges levelled against terrorists  »


  News Pick

Hostage crisis: Maoist's wife, 26 others to be freed

Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik Thursday announced the names of 27 people whose release will facilitate the freeing of an Italian and a legislator being held captive by Maoists. Patnaik said the decision to facilitate  »

Peaceful revolt needed in Arab world: Tawakkol Karman

Yemenese Nobel Peace Prize winner Tawakkol Karman Thursday said only a peaceful revolution could finish authoritarian rule in the Arab world. “Every dictator is a terrorist. Both feed on each other. Only a peaceful  »

Women wear hijab in support of hate victim

One million women worldwide have posted their pictures on Facebook wearing the hijab to show their support for an Iraqi immigrant in the US who was brutally murdered. Mother-of-five Shaima Alawadi was found beaten and   »


Picture of the Day

President Mrs Pratibha Devisingh Patil presenting the Padma Bhushan Award to Shabana Azmi, at an Investiture Ceremony-II, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on April 04, 2012.



RSS  |  Contact us


| Quick links



Subscribe to

Ummid Assistant



Science & Technology



About us




Government Schemes










Contact us




    Disclaimer | Terms of Use | Advertise with us | Link Exchange is part of the Awaz Multimedia & Publications providing World News, News Analysis and Feature Articles on Education, Health. Politics, Technology, Sports, Entertainment, Industry etc. The articles or the views displayed on this website are for public information and in no way describe the editorial views. The users are entitled to use this site subject to the terms and conditions mentioned.

© 2010 Awaz Multimedia & Publications. All rights reserved.