Ummid Assistant

Jamia Millia launches courses on China, Afghanistan

IGNOU launches value education programme for teachers

Welcome Guest! You are here: Home » Views & Analysis

Book Review

Muslim Societies: Rise and Fall

Wednesday January 04, 2012 05:49:48 PM, Saiyid Hamid

Dr. Mohammed Iqtedar Husain Farooqi, specialized as a plant scientist, zeroed in on his discipline to conduct researches on plants figuring respectively in the Quran and Sunnah (PLANTS OF THE QURAN & MEDICINAL PLANTS IN THE TRADITIONS OF PROPHET by Dr. M.I.H. Farooqi). From there, Dr. Farooqi, moved into Islamic history and produced a very informative and scholarly volume on ‘Muslim Societies: Rise and Fall’. It constitutes a marvel of selective brevity and analytical subtlety. In a book dealing with society based on religion there always lurks the risk of rhetoric overtaking scientific analysis. Dr. Farooqi, with the rigorous training of a scientist, steered clear of this danger.


One sees in this book a scientific temperament coming to terms with faith. ‘Coming to terms’ perhaps are words not appropriately used as the author’s thesis is that Islam is compatible with Science. Author’s icon Sir Syed believes in the aphorism that Nature is the Work and Quran the Word of God. There could, therefore, be no discord between them.


‘Muslim Societies - Rise & Fall’, consisting of 28 chapters and spread over 208 pages, has not only delineated the Rise and Fall of Muslims ever since Islam’s emergence but it has collected, tabulated and analyzed a wealth of relevant information. This information is placed alongside counterpart statistics for other Societies. This is evidently intended to spark dissatisfaction at their plight among members of Muslim Societies. The bare figures given in this volume about various aspects, moral, material and intellectual, are bound to create an urge for getting rid of the present predicament. The author religiously eschews the temptation to sermonize or over argue but lets circumstances and figures speak for themselves. At the centre of the book is the exhortation.


Khuda ne aaj tak us qaum kee halat naheen badli
Na ho jisko khyal aap apni halat kai badalne ka.

(God has not changed the condition of a nation, which does not wish to change itself)


In a little over 200 pages, the author has condensed the highlights of Islam ever since its beginnings. One can imagine admiringly the vast canvas that has been covered and the exacting selection to which the copious material has been subjected. What impresses the reader even more, although very expectedly, is the scrupulously scientific approach. One realizes all the time that the book is from a scientist’s pen. Although dealing with religion, history, society, it steers clear of sentiment and rhetoric. The author has kept a low profile and a silent visage. He has remained in the background and summoned thinkers of other times and climes to his assistance. This falls in line with the pattern of documentation which he has adopted in the interest of authenticity and sobriety.


It is not collection and tabulation alone that the book provides us with. Islam is juxtaposed meaningfully with other religions and societies. This technique brings out dramatically the status of Muslim Society viz-a-viz the other societies and the vagaries of their relationship. It is this analysis that highlights the main causes of the fall of Muslims. Turning the pages of a book packed with erudition, the reader is driven to the conclusion that a faith endowed so liberally with vitality and based on reason could not but come to grief when it forsook its moorings. Somewhere in its eventful journey it renounced the curiosity which has set it off on its ever-ascending adventure into the unknown. Inexorably and unwittingly it fell a victim to lethargy, superstition, tradition and convention.


The author has sedulously studied the history of Islam and picked up for adoption the factors that led to its rise. The factors that had an adverse effect were similarly identified so as to be avoided. 


The book has two foci: its main focus is on the meteoric rise of Islam and its steep fall. The bane of Islam in the global context has been its refusal to take stock of the never ceasing changes and make provision for meeting them.


The centre-piece is Chapter 6 captioned as ‘Ijtihad-Need of the Hour’. The author proceeds to explain Ijtihad as ‘the modern interpretation of Shariah in the light of Quran and Sunnah’ and describes it as ‘the necessary tool for the Muslim religion to face the changed condition of societies’. The decline and lack of progress and of resilience in Islam is attributed to the giving up of Ijtihad. Dr. Farooqi has cited the views of great Islamic Scholars like Shah Waliullah. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Allama Iqbal, Hasan Al Turabi.


Article, “Growth of Muslim Population-No case of Rejoicing” is thought provoking.  Dr. Farooqi is absolutely right in pointing out that the increase in our (Muslim) global population could add to our misery unless drastic remedial measures are made and all-round improvement are undertaken. We have to set our priorities right.


The change of attitude which the Ummah needs desperately, as pointed out in the Book, does require the unambiguous and almost undivided attention of the Ulema who wield immense influence among the masses.

Dr. Farooqi has been putting in very valuable work quietly and effectively. He is right that the distance from Science and Technology is a devastating deprivation for Muslims. The warning sounded by Dr. Farooqi has not come a day too soon. His book brings out in bold relief the alternatives that Muslims are facing today: ‘learn or perish’. The lesson has to be driven home from the platform and the pulpit and to be echoed in the media.

Dr. Farooqi is a Scientist of repute; his approach is, therefore, analytical. We need analysis much more than rhetoric.


Dr. Farooqi has made extremely valuable information available to the readers and introduced them to an in-depth assessment of what Islam has gone through over centuries and how it has to prepare for a second renaissance.

Name of Book: Muslim Societies: Rise and Fall
Name of Author: Dr. M.I.H. Farooqi (Mobile: 09839901066)
Name of Publisher: Sidrah Publishers, Shahid Apts, Golaganj, Lucknow-18
Pages: 208; Price: Rs 200/=
Review by; Saiyid Hamid, I.A.S. (Retd), Chancellor, Hamdard University, New Delhi





Bookmark and Share

Home | Top of the Page


Note: By posting your comments here you agree to the terms and conditions of

Comments powered by DISQUS



More Headlines

73 percent kids in Indore slums are malnourished: Survey

Maharashtra gears up for second round of civic polls

'RTE Act in its present form will push country into chaos'

Theft of Rajendra Prasad's watch being probed

Four new medical colleges for Maharashtra

Dr. Zafarul Islam Khan elected as Mushawerat president

Social movements and Social Change

AMU lists courses for Madrasa students

Delhi road may be named after Tendulkar

Nearly 1,000 British cops have criminal records

Solar ATMs fuel rural revolution in India

Private tuitions by government teachers an offence: Tripura government

Parents scramble for nursery admission forms on Day 2





Top Stories

Lokpal bill is well thought out: Amartya Sen

Amid fiasco in Parliament over the Lokpal bill and strong criticism of some of its clauses on Lokayukta by different political parties, Nobel laureate, economist Amartya Sen Monday said that the anti-graft legislation »

Congress, BJP resume trading charges on Lokpal bill

Lokpal bill now in freeze, but discourse gets hotter


  Most Read

PM says China overtaking Indian science, R&D spending to double

Admitting that India's position in the world of science was being overtaken by countries like China, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh Tuesday announced that   »

Omar says CISF firing 'inexcusable', promises justice

Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Omar Abdullah Tuesday met the family of the student killed in CISF firing and said he would leave no stone unturned to ensure justice for the victim of the "inexcusable  »

Five troopers held for Kashmir firing death


  News Pick

Madhya Pradesh’s bill for ban on cow slaughter gets Presidential nod

The long-pending Madhya Pradesh Gauvansh Vadh Pratishedh (Sanshodhan) Vidheyak 2010 has received the Presidential assent following which it has become an Act and has been published  »

MIM's Majid Hussain is the new mayor of Greater Hyderabad

Mohammed Majid Hussain of the Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (MIM) is the new mayor of Greater Hyderabad. He was unanimously elected the mayor and Rajkumar of the Congress party the deputy mayor by the Greater  »

Amid political war, Habibullah, Jadhav urged to push AMU Malegaon

Amid political fight over the location of the Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) sub centre in Maharashtra, a delegation from Malegaon called  »


Picture of the Day

Union Human Resource Development Minister Kapil Sibal inaugurating the long awaited Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) special centre at Malappuramm in Kerala  on December 24, 2011.




RSS  |  Contact us


| Quick links



Subscribe to

Ummid Assistant



Science & Technology



About us




Government Schemes










Contact us





    Disclaimer | Terms of Use | Advertise with us | Link Exchange is part of the Awaz Multimedia & Publications providing World News, News Analysis and Feature Articles on Education, Health. Politics, Technology, Sports, Entertainment, Industry etc. The articles or the views displayed on this website are for public information and in no way describe the editorial views. The users are entitled to use this site subject to the terms and conditions mentioned.

© 2010 Awaz Multimedia & Publications. All rights reserved.