Jeddah: Saudi Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has been appointed as crown prince, replacing Prince Mohammed bin Naif, a royal decree carried by the Saudi Press Agency (SPA) said on Wednesday.
The decree issued by King Salman also appointed Prince Abdulaziz bin Saud bin Naif as interior minister, a post held by the former crown prince.
According to the SPA report, Mohammed bin Salman, the young son of King Salman, was chosen as Crown Prince by 31 out of 43 members of the Kingdom's succession committee.
According to the official Saudi Press Agency, the newly announced Crown Prince was also named deputy prime minister.
Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud, the new Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, is the youngest minister of defense in the world. Mohammad is also chief of the House of Saud royal court, and chairman of the Council for Economic and Development Affairs.
Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud was born on 31 August 1985 in Jeddah. He is the son of King Salman from his third spouse, Fahda bint Falah bin Sultan. She is the granddaughter of Rakan bin Hithalayn, who was the head of the Al Ajman tribe.
Mohammed is the eldest of his full siblings and is the brother of Turki bin Salman, former chairman of the Saudi Research and Marketing Group. He holds a bachelor degree in law from King Saud University.
After graduating from college, Mohammed bin Salman spent several years in the private sector before becoming the personal aide of his father. He worked as a consultant for the Experts Commission, working for the Saudi Cabinet.
On 15 December 2009, Mohammed bin Salman entered politics as a special advisor to his father when the latter was the governor of Riyadh Province. At this time, the prince began to collect titles and sinecure positions such as secretary-general of the Riyadh Competitive Council, special advisor to the chairman of the board for the King Abdulaziz Foundation for Research and Archives, and a member of the board of trustees for Albir Society in the Riyadh region.
He has been described as the power behind the throne of his father, King Salman.