New Delhi: The
national capital is unrecognisably different from what it was
three decades ago when writer William Dalrymple came to the
metropolis as a freshman in 1989 to sample the sights and sounds
of India. His "City of Djinns: A Year in Delhi", which was inspired
by the colours of Delhi, will complete 20 years in 2012.
Ruminating on the changes that the metropolis, celebrating its
centenary year as the national capital in 2011, has undergone,
Dalrymple said: "It is unrecognisably different. It was an
extensively Punjabi city in the 80s."
"People were still coming for jobs; the demography was changing.
But by the 90s, it was a proper capital city. Not Washington or
Canberra; but New York," Dalyrymple told IANS on the sidelines of
a session on "Transformation of Delhi: India's Capital at 100".
The city was declared the national capital by King George V on Dec
12, 1911, and the "seat of government was transferred from
erstwhile Calcutta to the ancient capital of Delhi".
"This is the city where the media is; the buzz is. Kolkata used to
be a great intellectual centre (earlier), but all the publishers
and writers are here in Delhi," Dalrymple said.
"Earlier Mumbai (Bombay) was known as a hip place; but it has been
replaced by Delhi, which has all the hip new night clubs," the
The "City of Djinns", according to Dalrymple, "records Delhi not
just as a historical memory" but as a living city that has
continuously evolved over the centuries, making room for the old
and the new.
Dalrymple would not like to re-write "City of Djinns" again on the
capital's centenary year.
"Books are like children. You give them as good a start as a thing
as you can. Writing that kind of book would be difficult now...
but it is very much a record of the city," Dalrymple said.
The author is planning to celebrate the 20th birthday of the "City
of Djinns", but is not sure about the nature of celebrations.
"What's lovely about the book is that it still has its little
place. University kids who come here refer to the book. When it
came out, 'Djinns...' had a modest beginning. It now sells 15,000
to 20,000 copies every year," he said.
The book, which won the 1994 Thomas Cook Travel Book Award, also
earned Dalrymple the Sunday Times Young British Writer of the Year
The hype notwithstanding, Dalrymple still does not consider
himself a "pucca Delhiite".
"I am a bit insider, a bit outsider which is a useful thing for a
writer to be," he said.
"City of Djinns" captures Delhi in a way no other book on the city
by a non-Indian does; it relates to the history of the capital
"It was in the citadel of Feroz Shah that I met my first Sufi. Pir
Sadr-ud-Din had weasel eyes and a beard as tangled as myna's nest.
The mystic sat me down on a carpet; offered me tea and told me
about the djinns...," Dalrymple said in the book.
The writer wanted to see a djinn - one of the spirits - from "the
other race of men created by Allah", which haunted the capital.
The Pir said Dalrymple would run away. Dalrymple was only 17 when
he met the Pir Sdar-ud-din.
After 10 years at a school in a remote valley in the moors of
North Yorkshire, the writer "quite suddenly found himself in
India... in Delhi."
"From the very beginning, I was mesmerised by the great capital,
so totally unlike anything I had ever seen before. Delhi, it
seemed at first, was full of riches and horrors; it was a
labyrinth, a city of palaces, an open gutter, filtered light
through a filigree lattice, a landscape of domes, an anarchy, a
press of people, a choke of fumes; a whiff of spices..."
Three decades on, the writer's primary concerns about his "City of
Djinns" are "better preservation of monuments; better roads as
they were when he came to the capital and the falling water
"The depleting ground water poses a danger to the city. I see my
neighbours in Mehrauli digging up to 100 feet every year for water
borewells," Dalrymple said.
"City of Djinns" has an infectious creativity, say young writer
duo Shalabh from Himachal and Rachel Leven from New York.
The young travellers are writing a book, "Seeking Djinns" inspired
by Dalrymple's book.
"We have visited the places that are mentioned in the book and are
documenting the changes. Some of them are the same, while others
have degenerated," Rachel Leven told IANS.
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