United Nations: India
sought a reform of institutions of global governance including an
expansion of the UN's top decision-making Security Council to
reflect contemporary realities for converting today's challenges
The world today was "faced with multiple global challenges that
transcend national boundaries," Indian External Affairs Minister
S.M. Krishna said in his address to the UN general assembly
outlining the problems ranging from tepid recovery from the
downturn in the global economy to the scourge of terrorism.
"Developing countries are still to recover from the downturn in
the global economy. Their quest for poverty eradication and
sustainable development remains an uphill task," he said.
"The West Asia and North Africa region is seeing unprecedented
socio-political upheaval. The question of Palestine remains
unresolved," Krishna said.
"And, threats emanating from terrorism, maritime piracy, drug
trafficking and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction
continue to multiply."
"These challenges demand that we act to work for solutions in a
concerted and coordinated manner. This is the only path to
success," he said suggesting a reform of the architecture of
global governance to reflect contemporary realities.
"The most important and decisive step towards remedying this
situation pertains to the UN Security Council, which must be
expanded in both permanent and non-permanent categories," Krishna
"The reformed Council must include countries that are capable and
willing to bear additional burdens relating to the maintenance of
international peace and security and be able to sustain global
campaigns against new and emerging global threats," he said.
"Equally, India will promote and lend her weight for enhancing the
voice and participation of developing countries in decision making
in global economic and financial institutions," he said.
The IMF's quota reform process must be accelerated with altered
quotas reflecting contemporary economic weight, Krishna said.
Expressing support for the government and people of Afghanistan,
Krishna said the "continuing existence of safe havens and
sanctuaries for terrorists beyond Afghanistan's borders is the
major impediment to the restoration of peace and security in
Calling terrorism as one of the most potent threats to
international peace and security, he also asked the world to show
the necessary political will to agree on a Comprehensive
Convention on International Terrorism.