Ummid Assistant

Indian students in Germany need not pay to study: Envoy

Welcome Guest! You are here: Home Education & Career

Bihar to revive Gandhian schools

Monday October 22, 2012 10:15:07 AM, Imran Khan, IANS

Patna: Bihar has begun a move to revive 391 Buniyadi Vidyalayas (also known as basic schools) that were built in accordance with Mahatma Gandhi's concept of providing elementary holistic education to every child.

The schools were meant to provide education that connected seamlessly with lives of children. Training in spinning, carpentry, farming and weaving was also part of the pedagogy in these schools. Here, teachers were also expected to have skills in different crafts.

Now, the government will run 122 'model' schools in the already existing basic schools to give them a new lease of life.

"After the central government approved 122 model schools, the state government has decided to run them in the basic schools set up on Gandhian principles," Biihar Education Minister P.K. Shahi told IANS.

Shahi said decades of neglect had caused the standard of the basic schools to drop.

He hoped that setting up of model schools within basic schools would revive Gandhi's dream education system.

Gandhi aimed at the creation of small, self-reliant communities through training children in qualities of heart, head and hand. He wanted to bridge the separation between education and work.

While traditional systems of education in India and the schools set up under the colonial government emphasised literacy and numeracy, Gandhi wanted 'Nai Talim' (new education) to create industrious and intelligent individuals who were adept at working with their hands.

An official in the education department said although Chief Minister Nitish Kumar had been advocating the revival of Gandhian schools for seven years, no effort was taken until recently.

Nitish Kumar set up a three-member committee last year to come up with concrete plans to revive these schools. It submitted its report recently, and the chief minister expressed shock that of the 391 Buniyadi Vidyalayas, hardly any was functional.

There were plans to revive the basic schools that were also part of the Common School System the government wanted to implement. But this too has remained on paper.

Amarjeet Sinha, principal secretary, education department, said the government would revive the schools in earnest.

"We will appoint teachers in all basic schools. A decision has been taken to appoint five teachers in each such school," he said.

Officials admit that scores of basic schools have not even one teacher; many of the schools are grossly understaffed, and many are being run by volunteers.

"The shortage of teachers has badly affected the quality of education in these schools," Sinha said.

District officials in Champaran district said the 'Mahatma ke school' (schools of the Mahatma), as known locally, have been struggling for survival.

Apart from the dearth of staff in many schools, even the land meant for the schools has been encroached, officials said.

The first Buniyadi Vidyalaya was set up by Gandhi in 1939 in Brindavan in Bihar's West Champaran district.

The schools were meant to provide education that connected seamlessly with the lives of children. Training in spinning, carpentry, farming and weaving were also part of the pedagogy in these schools. Teachers were also expected to be skilled in different crafts.

The whole learning process too was differently envisaged, as Gandhi believed teachers were not mere instructors but would also learn while interacting with students.

Successive state governments have been unable to match Gandhi's vision, and the institution has been allowed to languish.

No effort was made by the union government either to keep the institution alive.

A few years ago, the Supreme Court took serious note of the plight of basic schools in West Champaran.

The court then issued a notice to the union government, the state government, West Champaran district administration and National Human Rights Commission to ensure proper functioning of the schools and preserve Gandhian heritage.

(Imran Khan can be contacted at






Home | Top of the Page


Note: By posting your comments here you agree to the terms and conditions of

Comments powered by DISQUS



More Headlines

Shooting at US spa; 3 killed, 4 injured

Fire in a Makkah building; all hajis evacuated, 13 suffer minor burns

Qatar launches Gaza building project, bypassing Israel, PNA

Of reviving Kerala culture and integrating Gulf Malayalis

Hip disorder cured using stem cells

How brain senses location, direction decoded

West Bank elections: Fatah claims victory

Veteran filmmaker Yash Chopra passes away

China's richest woman is worth $6 bn

Microsoft offers tech courses to Indian academia

Does Newsweek's end portend a trend?

Formula One family looking for hassle-free Indian visa

Pakistan aiding terrorists' infiltration into India: Shinde


Top Stories

UN General Assembly chief hints at Palestinian getting upgrade status

Having failed last year to secure full U.N. membership due to U.S. opposition, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said last month he

Palestinian bid for UN membership gets strong India backing

'After UN bid for Palestine US ceases to remain arbiter of Middle East peace'


  Most Read

Top Indian star Aamir Khan on way to Haj with mother

Embarking on Haj was a long-overdue wish of Aamir Khan's mother Zeenat Hussain who belongs to the family of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad - the great Indian Muslim scholar and freedom 

Indian students in Germany need not pay to study: Envoy

Germany, a hub of quality scientific research and innovation, is keen to attract the brightest Indian minds for further studies and research and has as an incentive made it easier for students to stay over and work, the country's envoy has said. Another incentive for students is that German universities 


  News Pick

Three from Malegaon among 86 selected for free UPSC/MPSC coaching

Three students of Malegaon are among the 86 who have been selected for a year-long coaching to be organised free of cost for targeted preparation of the civil services exams to be held next year. These students were selected based on the written tests and personal interviews 

Ahl-e-Hadees: Not part of 'T' syndicate you are forced to believe

Quite possible SIMI members might be adopting these things during their prayers, but Jamiat Ahle Hadees never agreed to the alleged ideologies of SIMI and its former parent body 

Kidnapped engineers in Meghalaya still untraced

Security forces have launched an operation in western Meghalaya to rescue five people, including three road engineers of a Hyderabad-based road construction 

Three engineers of Hyderabad firm abducted in Meghalaya

Israeli military storm Gaza bound aid ship; invite strong condemnation

A ship carrying pro-Palestinian activists seeking to breach Israel's naval blockade on Gaza has "come under attack" shortly  


Picture of the Day

Mrs Mohsina Kidwai along with Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) VC Lt. Gen. (Retd.) Zameer Uddin Shah riding the traditional chariot on her way to the Athletics Ground. Mrs Kidwai was the Chief Guest of the Sir Syed Day special function organised at the AMU on October 17.



RSS  |  Contact us


| Quick links



Subscribe to

Ummid Assistant



Science & Technology



About us




Government Schemes










Contact us




    Disclaimer | Terms of Use | Advertise with us | Link Exchange is part of the Awaz Multimedia & Publications providing World News, News Analysis and Feature Articles on Education, Health. Politics, Technology, Sports, Entertainment, Industry etc. The articles or the views displayed on this website are for public information and in no way describe the editorial views. The users are entitled to use this site subject to the terms and conditions mentioned.

2012 Awaz Multimedia & Publications. All rights reserved.