Ummid Assistant

Taj Group to train underprivileged rural youth in Maharashtra

Robotics competition for Andhra school students

Welcome Guest! You are here: Home » Regional

Bihar's growth story concentrated in cities, says new book

Sunday April 21, 2013 10:46:31 AM, IANS

New Delhi: As Bihar's growth story under the Nitish Kumar administration gets increasingly talked and written about, a book based on a study of the state over the past three decades contends that development has been highly concentrated in urban areas while manufacturing and agriculture have seen little growth.

The book attributes the improvement in economic growth primarily to the tertiary sector and the service industry, noting that while the former has grown, the primary sector - agriculture and allied activities - remains stagnant.

The book, titled 'The Challenge of Inclusive Development in Rural Bihar', that was released Friday, is published by Institute for Human Development, a non-profit institution that studies development-related issues.

"The improvement in economic growth can primarily be attributed to the considerable rise in the growth rates of sectors such as transport and communication, trade and construction. The construction sector has in fact played the most significant role...," say authors Gerry Rodgers, Alakh N. Sharma, Amrita Datta, Janine Rodgers, and Sunil K. Mishra.

The book is based on a longitudinal study of several villages in Bihar between 1981 and 2011.

It has highlighted that the growth in construction has witnessed a big boom, reaching an annual growth rate of almost 20 percent during 2004-05 to 2010-11, compared to 12 percent in 1999-2000 to 2004.

"There has also been substantial growth in the services sector, especially in transport, trade and hotels," it said.

However, the manufacturing and agricultural sectors have seen little growth.

"The pattern of growth appears to be unbalanced, mainly reflecting the construction of roads and housing, and the consequent expansion in trade, service and related activities. Moreover, Patna the state capital, accounts for the largest share of this growth," the book added.

According to Economic Survey, Bihar recorded a double digit growth of 11.95 percent in the 11th Plan period (2007-12), the highest among all states. The state, which is one of the most backward in the country, has been demanding a special economic package. The Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government finally heeded to Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar's demand and on April 18 cleared a special package of Rs.12,000 crore.

The book stresses that the biggest problem continues to be poor infrastructure and says the state is caught in a "vicious circle of low investment caused by low level of economic development and widespread poverty".

"The pattern of growth in Bihar itself tells what is wrong. The infrastructure is in shambles and population growth is high," said senior journalist Prem Shankar Jha at the book launch.

"Domination of economic policies by economists has led to neglect of historical factors. Bihar and the adjacent area was the richest before the battle of Plassey (1757), and was looted beyond imagination by the British colonialists. Post-independence, instead of repairing the damage, we became the new colonialists sitting in Delhi," he said.

Jha added that the lack of investment from the private sector is a major lacunae and the government alone should not be held responsible for ignoring the region.

"The fact that the imbalance has been created by lack of private investment has still not sunk in," he said.

However, there are positive developments on the rural front as well, mainly in the form of change in the caste equations and breaking of the semi-feudal agrarian system.

"The biggest change is in the agrarian structure of the state. Bihar is known for the semi-feudal structure, but that is now breaking down. Though the caste-class equations are still there, the relation between the landowner and the tiller has moved from being a landlord-labour relation to a market force-oriented one," said Alakh N. Sharma, one of the authors of the book.

"Also, there is diversification in landholdings, with a lot of middle level castes having ownership of land," he said.

Author Gerry Rodgers says there is a gap between the projected double digit growth and the real picture on the ground, terming it worrisome. "We are worried about the gap in the double digit growth and the situation. Sometimes we wonder what is that they are measuring," he said.





Home | Top of the Page


Note: By posting your comments here you agree to the terms and conditions of

Comments powered by DISQUS


More Headlines

Health ministry promoting special courses on family medicine

Jamia Millia Islamia begins undergraduate admissions process

Two-day event to showcase Ghalib's legacy on death anniversary

Jamia Millia in cutting-edge nanotechnology research, says official

NRI woman raped by brother in Haryana

Iraq votes in first election since US withdrawal

Another shame: 13-year-old gang-raped by eight men in Delhi

Karnataka poll: Over 3,600 candidates in fray for 224 seats

Does Punjab have double standards on terrorism?

Bihar village orders boycott of rapist's family


Top Stories

Delhi's Shame

Child rape victim needs reconstructive surgery: Doctors

The five-year-old girl undergoing treatment here after she was brutally raped for two days has suffered severe injuries in her private    »

Delhi rape accused held in Bihar

Candle, bottle poked into rape victim's genitals: Doctors


  Most Read

Media trial influencing court judgments

Mainstream behaving as if there is no judicial system left in the country, top journalists observe at a seminar in Malegaon

Stamping his valedictory seal on the claims by the journalists  »

China in shock

China Earthquake: Death toll 113, over 2,500 injured

At least 113 people were killed and more than 2,500 others injured Saturday when a massive earthquake measuring 7.0 on the Richter scale struck southwest China's Sichuan province, officials said. The earthquake hit Lushan county of Ya'an city  »


  News Pick

Does Punjab have double standards on terrorism?

Be it Punjab's ruling Shiromani Akali Dal, its alliance partner Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (SGPC) or the Punjab Police - their doublespeak on terrorism or those involved in it  »

Ghanaian president defies sanctions to host Ahmadinejad

Ghanaian President John Dramani Mahama has defied international sanctions to host Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on the last leg of his three-nation West African tour that also took him to Benin and Niger.  »


London exhibition to showcase Muslims who saved Jews during Holocaust

A new exhibition to be held in central London will showcase pictures of Muslims who saved Jews during the Holocaust, the BBC has reported. The Righteous Muslim Exhibition, to be launched at the Board of Deputies of British Jews in Bloomsbury, “hopes  »

Boston Bombings

Bomber captured after 23-hour manhunt

A 23-hour massive search for the second suspect in the Boston Marathon bombings ended Friday night with the capture of Dzhokar Tsarnaev, 19, a Russian American, after a massive manhunt that  »


Picture of the Day

A view of the newly Commissioned Indian Coast Guard Ship H-191, in Mumbai Harbour on April 09, 2013.


Recommend the story to your friends



RSS  |  Contact us


| Quick links



Subscribe to

Ummid Assistant



Science & Technology



About us




Government Schemes










Contact us


The Funny Side

Education & Career Disclaimer | Terms of Use | Advertise with us | Link Exchange is part of the Awaz Multimedia & Publications providing World News, News Analysis and Feature Articles on Education, Health. Politics, Technology, Sports, Entertainment, Industry etc. The articles or the views displayed on this website are for public information and in no way describe the editorial views. The users are entitled to use this site subject to the terms and conditions mentioned.

© 2012 Awaz Multimedia & Publications. All rights reserved.