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Tahara - Purifying oneself

By Aleem Faizee





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One should always keep in mind the point that; the mankind is born for trial. Allah has set the rules of practice to be observed by the mankind in this world and one should strictly adhere to these rules. He sent his messengers and prophets (peace be upon all of them) so that they can demonstrate these practices for the mankind. Once it is practically demonstrated and successfully practiced by the prophets (peace be upon all of them), then Allah expects the mankind to demonstrate and follow the prophets (peace be upon all of them) likewise.

Taharat, purification, is one among many things Allah expects the mankind to follow. Islam preaches for Taharat, purification, in every field of one’s daily life.  Taharat is the purity, cleanliness and sanitation for the mankind. It is the purity of one’s heart with respect to faith in Allah. It is the purity one should observe after urinating. It is the ablution or wudhu one should practice before prayers. It is the bath after one meets his wife, which keeps them pure. It is the donations for poor, which purifies one’s wealth.


Purifying one’s heart:

One should have total faith in Allah, The Dignified in first place. He should not join the gods for worship with Allah and should obey The Almighty, Allah and His Prophet (PUH). The Holy Qur’aan says:

“O Apostle! Let not those grieve thee who race each other into unbelief: [whether it be] among those who say: "We believe" with their lips but whose hearts have no faith; or it be among the Jews men who will listen to any lie will listen even to others who have never so much as come to thee. They change the words from their [right] times and places; they say "If ye are given this take it but if not beware:" If anyone's trial is intended by Allah thou hast no authority in the least for him against Allah. For such it is not Allah's will to purify their hearts. For them there is disgrace in this world and in the Hereafter a heavy punishment.”

(Surah Al-Maidha, Ayah 41)


Joining gods with Allah and ascribing partners with Him is Shirk. It is the impurity of the hearts and had been strictly denounced and rejected by Islam.



Once ones heart is cleansed from the impurity now he should take care of the sanity and purity of his body. The mankind is advised to keep pure and unadulterated, their body and the clothes they wear, from drops of urine and stain. If the mankind intends to stand in front of Allah for prayers, he should be “Tahir” i.e. unadulterated. The Holy Qur’aan says:

“O ye who believe! When ye prepare for prayer wash your faces and your hands [and arms] to the elbows; rub your heads [with water]; and [wash] your feet to the ankles. If ye are in a state of ceremonial impurity bathe your whole body. But if ye are ill or on a journey or one of you cometh from offices of nature or ye have been in contact with women and ye find no water then take for yourselves clean sand or earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allah doth not wish to place you in a difficulty but to make you clean and to complete His favor to you that ye may be grateful.”

(Surah Al-Maidha, Ayah 6)


Washing the hands and feet and rubbing the head with water is called the ablution. The ablution is compulsory before every prayer. The beauty of Islamic rules is that Islam advises certain acts and principles for the mankind, but alongside this, declares the divine rewards. The Prophet (PBUH) described the rewards for ablution:

“Once I went up the roof of the mosque, along with Abu Huraira. He performed ablution and said, "I heard the Prophet saying, 'On the Day of Resurrection, my followers will be called "Al-Ghurr-ul-Muhajjalun" from the trace of ablution and whoever can increase the area of his radiance should do so (i.e. by performing ablution regularly).”

(Sahih Al-Bukhari; Narrated by Nuam Al Mujmir)


It is further reported by Abu Hurairah (Radhee Allaho Ta’ala Unho) that the Messenger of Allah said:

"'Shall I inform you (of an act) by which Allah erases sins and raises degrees?" They said, "Certainly, O Messenger of Allah." He said, "Perfecting the ablution under difficult circumstances, taking many steps to the mosque, and waiting for the (next) prayer after the (last) prayer has been performed. That is ribat.

(Related by Malik, Muslim, at-Tirmidhi and an-Nasa'i.)


Purifying after urinating:

People wonder watching Muslims using water even after urinating. The mankind has been advised for cleaning their private parts since it helps in keeping themselves pure. The prophet used to do this and hence we are also bound to follow this.

“Whenever Allah's Apostle went to answer the call of nature, I along with another boy used to accompany him with a tumbler full of water. (Hisham commented, "So that he might wash his private parts with it.)"

(Sahih Al-Bukhari; Narrated by Anas bin Malik)


Purity is so important an act that the prophet ordered to clean the private parts by stones if one does not have access to water.

“It was said to Salman: Your Prophet teaches you everything, even about excrement. He replied: Yes. He has forbidden us to face the Qibla at the time of easing or urinating, and cleansing with right hand, and cleansing with less than three stones, or cleansing with dung or bone.”

(Sunan of Abu-Dawood; Narrated by Salman al-Farsi)


It is the divine characteristics of Islam that it sets these facilities for the mankind. As Allah says in the above verse that:

“And ye find no water then take for yourselves clean sand or earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allah doth not wish to place you in a difficulty but to make you clean and to complete His favor to you that ye may be grateful.”

(Surah Al-Maidha, Ayah 6)


Along with the rewards for those who obey the rulings of Islam, Allah also warns the disobedient, for they may take some lessons from these warnings. The prophet had advised that one should be very careful while urinating and warned of severe punishments if urine contaminates the body or clothe.

“Once the Prophet went through the graveyards of Medina and heard the voices of two humans who were being tortured in their graves. The Prophet said, "They are being punished, but they are not being punished because of a major sin, yet their sins are great. One of them used not to save himself from [being soiled with] the urine, and the other used to go about with calumnies [Namima]." Then the Prophet asked for a green palm tree leaf and split it into two pieces and placed one piece on each grave, saying, "I hope that their punishment may be abated as long as these pieces of the leaf are not dried."

(Sahih Al-Bukhari; Narrated by Ibn Abbas)


Purifying the wealth:

Along with the purity of the heart and body, it is also recommended to purify the wealth. For this rich people are advised to donate some percentage of their wealth for poor. The annual charity made by the rich is called Zakat and regular donations are called Sadaqa. The Zakat and Sadaqa, the Almighty, Allah says help in purifying the wealth. Holy Qur’aan says:

“Take Sadaqa (charity) from their property in order to purify and sanctify them.”

(Surah At-Tauba; Ayah 103)


Taking into account its very nature, it is no wonder that Zakat constitutes one of the five pillars of Islam. It is associated with prayer (salat) in eighty-two Qur'anic verses. Allah, the Exalted One, prescribed it in His Book (The Qur’aan), His Messenger corroborated it by his (Sunnah), and the community (Ummah) by consensus upheld it. At one among many places, the Holy Qur’aan says:

“And be steadfast in prayer and regular in charity: and whatever good ye send forth for your souls before you ye shall find it with Allah; for Allah sees well all that ye do.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah; Ayah 110)


The prophet was used to advise this whenever he sends someone outstation.

“Thy Prophet sent Muadh to Yemen and said, "Invite the people to testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and I am Allah's Apostle, and if they obey you to do so, then teach them that Allah has enjoined on them five prayers in every day and night [in twenty-four hours], and if they obey you to do so, then teach them that Allah has made it obligatory for them to pay the Zakat from their property and it is to be taken from the wealthy among them and given to the poor."

(Sahih Al-Bukhari; Narrated by Ibn Abbas)


The world has witnessed the incidents, when after just few years of implementation of Zakat and utilization of the Zakat funds honestly, changed the social and financial order of a society in such a way that it made people difficult to search someone who is really  poor and eligible for accepting Zakat.



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