More on Ummid : International l National Regional l Politics Sports Religion l History l Culture l Education

The Herald of Peace and Integrity


The historical background of the

Battle of Badr
March 10, 2009 Team ummid



More on ummid

Islamic Calendar, How it started an interesting account:  As the crescent appeared over the horizon once again after completing full circle on January 10 last Thursday, it brought along with it, New Year for the Muslims world over. “The new moon that appeared last Thursday proclaimed the arrival of the month Moharram al-Haram. The month of glory and resurgence”, says Rehnuma Tabassum, a student into the Islamic studies, adding, “Moharram al-Haram is the first month of the Islamic Calendar which is based on lunar system. With this the Islamic Calendar, popularly known as the Hijari Calendar has leaped into its 1429th year.”..Read Full

Intefaith Dialogue

Dialogue is essential

for Peace: The three-day international interfaith conference, which concluded here yesterday, emphasized the need for promoting dialogue among religions and....Read Full

Introducing Islam: The legal sources of Islam are the Qur'an and the Hadith. The Qur'an is the exact word of God; its authenticity, originality and totality are intact.  The Hadith is the report of the sayings, deeds and approvals of the Prophet Muhammad....Read Full

OIC Chief Renews Call to Stop

‘Campaign of Insults’: The Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) has reiterated a call on the Dutch government to stop the screening of an offensive anti-Qur’an film produced by a right-wing MP in the Netherlands....Read Full

France's Encounter with

Pharaoh Ramesses:When Francisco Mitra became the president of France in 1981, France requested the Egyptian Government to host the mummy of Pharaoh for the purpose of running laboratory and archeological examinations on the mummy of the most notorious dictator ever lived on earth. Upon arrival, the royal attendants who were present there including the French president himself and other ministers bowed in honor for the....Read Full




Featured Videos on ummid


Reaction has

no place in Islam

Ten year plan for Education of the Muslim Youth

Mushairah on

National Integration



Why Do So Few Speak Up for Gaza?: Why are we so indifferent to the death and destruction in Gaza? The major news outlets meekly accepted Israel’s banning of journalists from entering Gaza as an excuse for downplaying collateral civilian casualties, our president-elect, Barack Obama, has had little to say about an invasion that will much complicate his future Mideast peace efforts, and most...Read Full

Gaza diary: Are we not human?: In a bid to stop my children twitching, jerking, trembling and waking at every sound of an attack during their few hours of sleep and their many waking hours, I put cotton wool in their ears - it has not worked. I wonder what damage is being done to my children's tiny hearts. Theirs are not as big as mine, they can cope less with the stress that is being put on them....Read Full


Even More...

Eid Al-Fitr as we see it

Concept of Faith in Islam

Importance of Purification


Related Articles

Prophet Mohammed:

A Messiah for Our Time: Prejudice is like poison. Unless purged out of one’s mind in early stages, it can spread like cancer and make one incapable of differentiating between right and wrong. Of the many kinds of prejudice, the worst is to believe that one’s own religion is superior to all others, which may be tolerated but never taken seriously or accepted as equally...Read Full

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Last Sermon: "O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I don't know whether, after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you carefully and take these words to those who could not be...Read Full

Prophet Mohammad (PBUH)

Who devised a Secure World:

 Prejudice is like poison. Unless purged out of one’s mind in early stages, it can spread like cancer and make one incapable of differentiating between right and wrong. Of the many kinds of prejudice, the worst is to believe that one’s own religion is superior to all others, which may be tolerated but never taken seriously or accepted as...Read Full


The Quraysh of Makkah did not stop from harming and oppressing Muslims even after they migrated to Madinah. In order to stop further migration, they started torturing the Muslims, willing to migrate, sometimes forcibly stopped them and many times they snatched every thing from them. Instances showed, they even snatched their dresses and few people managed to migrate undressed and in a very miserable conditions.

Not only this, they even threatened people of Madinah and their leader Abdullah Ibn Ubayy for their support to the Muslims Muhajirin.

“Abdur Rahman ibn Ka'b ibn Malik reported on the authority of a man from among the companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him): The infidels of the Quraysh wrote (a letter) to Ibn Ubayy and to those who worshipped idols from al-Aws and al-Khazraj, while the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) was at that time at Medina before the battle of Badr. (They wrote): You gave protection to our companion. We swear by Allah, you should fight him or expel him, or we shall come to you in full force, until we kill your fighters and appropriate your women”

(Sunan of Abu Dawood)


These were not mere threat and warnings. The Prophet (peace be upon him) knew the extent of the threat from the Quraysh of Makkah and he used to spend his nights without sleeping or sometimes sleeping with some of the companions guarding him.

“The Prophet was vigilant one night and when he reached Medina, he said, "Would that a pious man from my companions guard me tonight!" Suddenly we heard the clatter of arms. He said, "Who is that? " He (The new comer) replied, " I am Sad bin Abi Waqqas and have come to guard you." So, the Prophet slept (that night)”.

(Sahih Al-Bukhari; Narrated by Aishah)


This is also to be mentioned that this was not just for few nights but it was routine and usual for the companions (Ridhwanulllaho Ta’ala Unhum Ajm'aeen) to guard the Prophet (PBUH).


It was reported by Aishah that the companions used to guard the prophet (PBUH) till this verse was revealed upon him (PBUH):

“O Apostle! Proclaim, the (Message), which hath been sent to thee from thy Lord. If thou didst not thou wouldst not have fulfilled and proclaimed His mission: and Allah will defend thee from men (who mean mischief). For Allah guideth not those who reject faith”.

(Surah Al- Maidha; Ayah 67)


And the prophet said to the companions guarding him “Go back as the Almighty Allah had made me safe”

(Reported by At- Tirmidhi and narrated by Aishah)


Also, the danger was not just for the Prophet (PBUH) but all the Muslims were in danger. Ubayy bin Ka’b reported that since the migration of the Muslims to Madinah and the protection they received from Ansars, the whole Arab world united against them and therefore Muslims neither spent their nights without arms nor met the morning without arms.


It was then that Muslims were permitted to go to war against these enemies of Allah. The Holy Qur’aan says:

“To those against whom war is made permission is given (to fight) because they are wronged and verily Allah is Most powerful for their aid”.

(Surah Al-Hajj; Ayah 39)


The point one should keep in mind is that this permission for the war was not just a mere retaliation but it was to fight the injustice and to propagate the rules of Allah. This is also described immediately after the above verse, as the Holy Qur’aan says:

“(They are) those who if We establish them in the land establish regular prayer and give regular charity enjoin the right and forbid wrong: with Allah rests the end (and decision) of (all) affairs”.

(Surah Al-Hajj; Ayah 41)


With the permission for the war, the Muslims planned to teach the Quraysh of Makkah few lessons. The Quraysh of Makkah had to pass their caravans through the suburbs of Madinah while going towards Syria, a market place. Muslims threatened to disrupt their caravans so that they could realize their mistakes and learn to live in peace with the Muslims.


Still, the Quraysh of Makkah did not repent for their aggressions against Muslims and hence the Muslims decided to attack their caravans. Some confrontation did occur between the Muslims and the caravans of the Quraysh before the Battle of Badr, but there was neither any bloodshed nor any looting till the Quraysh, led by Karz bin Jabir Fehri, attacked cattle-field near Madinah and looted and took some of the cattle belonging to Muslims with them. It is not fare, therefore, to think it was economical reason behind the looting of the caravans.


The Prophet sent twelve Muhajirin, led by Abdullah bin Jah’sh, after this incidence and ordered them to go to the passage between Makkah and Ta’if and to search for the caravans of the Quraysh. Abdullah bin Jah’sh led them to Nakhla after traveling a long distance from Madinah and attacked the caravan, capturing two prominent among them and killing Amr bin Hazrami. These were the first of killed, occupied and booty in Islamic history.


The attack made the Quraysh panic but they were furious of the way Muslims attacked their caravan near Makkah and after traveling three hundred kilometers. This, they feel as a setback and shame for their pride and myth and decided to attack and thwart the Muslims staying in Madinah.


In the course of time after the confrontation led by Abdullah bin Jah’sh, Allah made the war against the infidels as compulsory and also set the rules for fighting and denouncing the killing of women, children and the aged, forbid mutilation, which was a tradition then during the war. The Holy Qur’aan says:

“Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors; And slay them wherever ye catch them and turn them out from where they have turned you out; for tumult and oppression are worse than slaughter; but fight them not at the Sacred Mosque unless they (first) fight you there; but if they fight you slay them. Such is the reward of those who suppress faith; But if they cease Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful; And fight them on until there is no more tumult or oppression and there prevail justice and faith in Allah; but if they cease let there be no hostility except to those who practice oppression”.

(Surah Al-Baqarah; Ayah 190, 191, 192,193)


With this the Muslims realized that a battle with the Quraysh of Makkah is in waiting and ultimately it took place on Friday, Ramadan 17, two years after Hijrah and March 624 AD at Badr, near Madinah. This was the first full-fledged battle with Quraysh of Makkah and remembered as “Ghazwa’e Badr- The Battle of Badr”.



with inputs from Ar Raheekul Makhtoom



                                                            Home | Top of the page      


  Your Ad Here


  Comment on this article


E-mail Address:
Write here...




  Your Ad Here


Ummid.com: Home | Contact Us | Disclaimer | Terms of Use | About Us | Feedback

Ummid Business: Advertise with us | Careers | Link Exchange

Ummid.com is part of the Awaz Multimedia & Publications providing World News, News Analysis and Feature Articles on Education, Health. Politics, Technology, Sports, Entertainment, Industry etc. The articles or the views displayed on this website are for public information and in no way describe the editorial views. The users are entitled to use this site subject to the terms and condition mentioned.