Ummid Assistant

Mumbai NGO, top experts join hands to train students for civil services exams

Welcome Guest! You are here: Home » National

Indian foreign ministry to declassify another 220,000 files: Official

Wednesday October 10, 2012 07:23:41 PM, IANS

New Delhi: Following the recent declassification of 70,000 files, India's external affairs ministry is in the process of declassifying another set of 220,000 files covering Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Iran, East Asia, Eurasia and the Americas, a senior official said Wednesday.

"We are currently in a process of finalizing a major project to declassify another set of 220,000 files. Records covering Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Pakistan, Iran, Sri Lanka, East Asia, Eurasia and the Americas are going to be covered in this round," Pinak Chakravarty, special secretary (Public Diplomacy), said while inaugurating a day-long international conference on the early years of India's nuclear programme.

The conference was organised by defence ministry-funded think tank Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses along with the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project (NPIHP).

"This is the first time in many years that we have taken the initiative to declassify such a large number of files from the archives of the ministry of external affairs. We hope that this will lead to renewed academic interest and greater understanding of the evolution of Indian foreign policy," he added.

Throwing light on India's nuclear policy, Chakravarty said it "remains firmly rooted in the basic tenet that our country's national security, in a world of nuclear proliferation, lies either in universal, non-discriminatory disarmament or in the exercise of the principle of equal and legitimate security for all".

"India's nuclear doctrine, therefore, includes 'No First Use' of nuclear weapons and non-use of nuclear weapons against non-nuclear weapon states," he added.

Speaking on the occasion, NPIHP co-director Christian Ostermann said the project aims at making "a contribution to policy analysis by deepening understanding of the goals, interests, the situational circumstances, and the character of nuclear and non-nuclear states in relation to their nuclear outlooks and strategies, that is not a history of the weapons themselves, but their underpinning politics".

"Only by looking at the underlying politics can we begin to explain the widely divergent nuclear postures chosen by states like China, Pakistan, or the United States," he added.

Ostermann described "triangulation and multilateralization of our archival efforts through a global network of researchers and institutions" as one of the "most fruitful methodological approaches" to "excavate the documentations from the frequently uncooperative clutches of security establishments and archives".

He also advocated the "use of local and provincial archives when central state archives remain closed" as another approach to gather information.

Welcoming the external affairs ministry's release of over 70,000 documents pertaining to India's post-1947 diplomatic and foreign policy history, Ostermann said the decision "effectively ends an era in which India's role in the Cold War was researched and told based on documents from other countries - from Russia, China or Hungary".

In his welcome speech, IDSA director general Arvind Gupta said: "Framing a proper Indian perspective, understanding an interpretation on these key issues and redressing the knowledge gaps is one primary objective of our nuclear history project.

"We seek to undertake this process by exploring all available sources from archives and inputs shared through oral history interviews."

Referring to the declassified files, he said some of them "pertain to nuclear issues. More files need to be declassified".

The seminar brought together veterans from the Indian policy community and scholars, with international historians and experts to reminisce, discuss and debate on the many milestones of the origins of international nuclear cooperation, as well as the early years of India's nuclear programme and the dynamics of decision-making during the crucial years from 1950s to the 1970s.

The seminar is part of the second annual partners meeting of NPIHP. IDSA is a leading partner in the NPIHP, which is spearheaded by the Woodrow Wilson Centre, Washington DC.

The NPIHP seeks to create an international network of scholars and research institutions to undertake archival research on the history of nuclear weapons, non-proliferation and dynamics of nuclear decision making processes.

The seminar focussed on the early years of international cooperation, nuclear decision-making during the Nehru years and India's nuclear decision making 1964-74. Leading scholars, journalists, experts and diplomats took part in the seminar.

Several scholars pointed out that India's first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, though opposed to the bomb, nevertheless was in favour of India remaining ready with capabilities.

India started preparations for a peaceful nuclear explosion after the 1964 Chinese tests. Participants also pointed out that despite the apathy to possession of nuclear bombs, Indian leaders did not discontinue India's weapons programme at any stage.




Home | Top of the Page


Note: By posting your comments here you agree to the terms and conditions of

Comments powered by DISQUS



More Headlines

Mayawati to continue support to 'anti poor' UPA govt

'Student Of The Year' merchandise goes online

'Mindless negativity' over graft damages nation's image: PM

Millions pray for Pakistani girl injured by Taliban

After bounce, Romney forays into Obama territory

Mumbai's millionaire polio activist

Gen Bakht Khan: Winner of a lost battle

Free gravity font helps dyslexics read online

French, US scientists share Nobel Prize in Physics

No load-shedding in Maharashtra by 2012-end: Chavan

'Gujarat 2002 an assault on secularism, democracy and republicanism'


Top Stories

'Gujarat 2002 an assault on secularism, democracy and republicanism'

Activists and intellectuals here Tuesday unanimously expressed the opinion that the riots in Gujarat in 2002 were an assault on Indian secularism and a lot remained to be done to secure justice for the victims.  »

Authorities in Gujarat protecting perpetrators of 2002 riots: HRW

Politics of hatred has triumphed in Gujarat: Harsh Mander


  Most Read

Mayawati to continue support to 'anti poor' UPA govt

Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) chief Mayawati Wednesday once again rapped the Manmohan Singh-led UPA 2 but stopped short of spelling out whether she is snapping her  »

'Mindless negativity' over graft damages nation's image: PM

The government was committed to doing "everything possible to ensure transparency and accountability" but the negativity and pessimism  »


  News Pick

Millions pray for Pakistani girl injured by Taliban

Millions of people prayed for the early recovery of child peace campaigner Malala Yousafzai, who a leading Pakistani daily said was "fighting the most arduous battle of her life" after the Taliban  »

Mumbai's millionaire polio activist

One of the early pioneers of polio activism in India was Fathema Ismail, who was born in 1903. Ismail was the sister of the flamboyant mill owner, Umar Sobhani, an ardent Congress party activist who was very close to M.K. Gandhi  »

Avinas Ranjan wins AMU essay writing competition

Avinas Ranjan of Gaya Evening College, Gaya, Bihar bagged the first prize of All India Essay Writing Competition on “Do the new AMU Centres of Malappuram and Murshidabad come within the ambit of Sir Syed’s vision  »

Gen Bakht Khan: Winner of a lost battle

Despite his failures, more due to the non co-operation of his team than his own faults, what he did achieve was the delay in recapturing of Delhi by the British, as long as he could. The erstwhile Dilli would have been rounded up, quite early in the day, had it not been for the efforts of General Bakht Khan Rohilla.   »


Picture of the Day

Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh presenting the trophy for the best branch of CBI to M.S. Khan, SP, CBI, ACB, Bhubaneswar at the 19th Conference of CBI and State Anti-Corruption Bureaux, in New Delhi on October 10, 2012.



RSS  |  Contact us


| Quick links



Subscribe to

Ummid Assistant



Science & Technology



About us




Government Schemes










Contact us




    Disclaimer | Terms of Use | Advertise with us | Link Exchange is part of the Awaz Multimedia & Publications providing World News, News Analysis and Feature Articles on Education, Health. Politics, Technology, Sports, Entertainment, Industry etc. The articles or the views displayed on this website are for public information and in no way describe the editorial views. The users are entitled to use this site subject to the terms and conditions mentioned.

© 2012 Awaz Multimedia & Publications. All rights reserved.