A US based Indian linguist claims to have discovered a new dialect
spoken by the minority Musilm community in some districts of Bihar
that has no written record or name.
Mohammad Warsi, who teaches linguistics and Indian languages at
the Washington University in St. Louis, said the main language for
communication in Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur, Begusarai and
Muzaffarpur, is Maithili. But when Muslims speak among themselves,
they speak a dialect that is different from Maithili, Hindi, and
Urdu. This dialect does not have its own script or literature, he
This might be the reason that this dialect went unnoticed to
linguists so far, said Warsi, who is a recipient of James E.
McLeod Faculty Recognition Award for 2012.
While doing a comparative study, Warsi said he found that this new
dialect is completely different from Hindi, Urdu, and Maithli and
their verb conjugation and sentence structure, is quite different
from each other.
For example "We are going" would be rendered "hum jaa rahain hain"
in Hindi, "hum jaay rahal chhii" in Maithli and "hum jaa rahain
hain" in Urdu sentence. But in the new dialect it would be: "ham
jaa rahaliya hae". Also, there is no agentive marker "-ne" in
Only one second person pronoun "tu" is used in the new dialect
instead of "tu, tum and aap".
From these examples, it is clear that the verb conjugation in the
new dialect is completely different from that of Hindi, Urdu, and
Maithli, Warsi said.
Warsi, a native of Darbhanga district in Bihar has given the
nomenclature of 'Mithilanchal Urdu' to this dialect.
"Language does not have any boundaries, nor is it dependent on any
boundary," he said.
"Dialects are the contact languages of particular regions, and
they have a deep impact on their cultural heritage," he said.
"Slowly with time these dialects begin to take shape of
The convergence of a dialect into a language is a symbol and pride
of the people who speak it, Warsi said suggesting the inclusion of
the new dialect in a recently initiated nationwide linguistic
(Arun Kumar can be contacted at email@example.com)