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Glimpses from the past

20 May, 2009 10:06:15 AM, Team IndiaInfo




Video: Message of Unity from Malegaon

'India Unity'

An English Play briliantly staged by Little Kids


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B.R. Ambedkar and Drafting of the Indian Constitution:

The most important thing for which Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is known all throughout India is that he was designer and formulator of the Indian Constitution. Though he was unpopular with many leaders of the Indian National Congress and other political parties in post-independence India, Ambedkar was summoned by the Congress-led Government to take the post of the first Law Minister of independent India. He was also made the Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee on 29 August 1947. As he was a learned scholar and an eminent lawyer, he was given this grave task and after the completion of the work, he was praised by all. He used all his experience and knowledge in drafting the Constitution. There are many guarantees and provisions that are provided in the Constitution of India that ensure the general welfare of the common people of the country. He framed the Fundamental Rights and Duties along with the Directive Principles of State Policy that are followed and granted to the people of the country. He also formulated laws and systems for women and backward classes in the society. Ambedkar also tried to eradicate the socio-economic inequalities that prevailed in the Indian society from a long time. He had kept the clauses of the Constitution flexible so that amendments could be made as and when situations demanded. On 26 November 1949, the Constitution of India was finally adopted by the Constituent Assembly.

His stint in Indian politics too did not last for a long time. His resignation from the Cabinet came in the year 1951. He contested for the Lok Sabha elections as an independent candidate in 1952 but was unfortunately defeated. However, he became a member of the Rajya Sabha the same year.

With passage of time, Ambedkar’s interest from politics started to shift and he aligned himself to Buddhism. For that he even went to Sri Lanka, where he spent much time with Buddhist monks and scholars. He was so impressed with Buddhism and its principles that he decided to convert himself to Buddhism. Ambedkar also went to Burma twice for enriching himself in the Buddhist religion and culture. He also established the Buddhist Society of India and wrote books on Buddhism and its principles and beliefs. B.R. Ambedkar also attended Buddhist conferences that were held all round the world.


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Malegaon, a town in India with more than 70% Muslim population has always been considered as a communally sensitive place. However, there is a place in Malegaon where a Mosque and a Mandir exist side by side with Muslims and Hindus, both living there in peace since last many years. Same is the case with the whole town. Except for the...Full Story



Republic Day Parade in

New Delhi


Republic Day Facts

About Republic Day: 26th January

1950 is one of the most important

days in Indian history as it was on this

day the constitution of India came

into force and India became a truly

sovereign state. In this day India

became a totally republican unit.The

country finally realized the dream

of Mahatma Gandhi and ..Read Full

Republic Day Reality

Check: The occasion of the

Republic Day prompted me to look

inside me and find out what it

means. The Day is supposed to

commemorate the day in 1950

from which we started running our

nation as a Republic according to

a Constitution...Read Full

Republic Day: The day India becomes

a legitimate child: Rajendra Prasad,

the first elected President of India in his

speech on January 26, 1950

said, “Today, for the first time in our long

and chequered history we find the

whole of this vast land... brought

together under the jurisdiction of one

constitution and...Read Full

It was on 26th January 1950 that India became a truly sovereign state .Why?

Well because the nationalists of the Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress had unfurled our Tri-Colour Flag at midnight of December 31, 1929 taking a pledge that every year on January 26, the "Independence Day" would be celebrated and everyone would unceasingly strive for the establishment of a Sovereign Democratic Republic of India. The professed pledge was successfully redeemed on 26 January, 1950, when the Constitution of India framed by the Constituent Assembly of India came into force, although the Independence from the British rule was achieved on August 15, 1947. And hence August 15 is celebrated as Independence Day, while January 26 as Republic Day.

The Indian Constituent Assembly met on December 9, 1946. The Assembly appointed a number of committees to report on the various aspects of the proposed constitution. The Indian Constitution was finalized with 395 Articles and eight Schedules, and was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949. The Indian Republic officially came into being on January 26, 1950. January 26 was not some random date picked out of the calendar. It was on this date in 1927, that the Indian National Congress, then fighting its non-violent war for freedom, voted for complete independence as against 'dominion status'. It was the date when members of the INC took the pledge to work towards a 'sovereign democratic republic' of India. After the Constitution was written and adopted on November 1949, 26 January 1950 the following year was chosen as the day when India would finally arrive as a nation, complete with the lengthiest and the most detailed constitution in the world. Since than Republic day is celebrated all over the country. It was on 26th January 1950 that India became a nation in the true sense, with a constitution and elected representatives of the people.

The first Republic Day on January 26, 1950 was a red letter day for Hyderabad, a proud moment, when joy and jubilation took over the people at large. It was a momentous occasion of unique glory – the inauguration of the Indian Republic, a day of rejoicing for the people of India and landmark on the international political map.

On that memorable day all roads in Hyderabad led to the military parade ground. Men, women and children from various parts of the city wended their way to witness the ceremonial hoisting of the national flag. During the Nizam’s days, parades were held at Fateh maidan where the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb’s troops were garrisoned to vanquish the Qutb Shahi Kingdom of Golkonda. The Nizam used to take the salute on this ground specially on his birthday. But the Nizam had been dethroned on the State’s accession to the Indian Union till he became the Rajpramukh for a brief period till 1956 when Andhra Pradesh was formed and C. M. Trivedi, ICS, took over as the Governor of the newly created State.

Hyderabad did not have an elected government on the first Republic Day. But it had a Chief Minister appointed by the Government of India, M K Vellodi, ICS, after major-General J N Chowdhary, the Military Governor, relinquished office giving place to a civilian government. But Vellodi retained the whole Cabinet – D S Bakhle, ICS, D R Pradhan, ICS,V S Rao, M Seshadri, P H Krishna Rao, Nawab Zain Yar Jung and Raja Dhonde Raj attended the first Republic Day parade if I remember correctly. The Chief Minister, M K Vellodi, took the salute at a colourful ceremony and displays of military mite before one of the largest congregations of men, women, students and children in their best attire. They waved the tri-colour flags, made of cloth or paper, raised slogans like "Indian Union Zindabad" and "Indian republic Zindabad".

A colourful ceremony was held in the Jubilee Hall when His Exalted Highness, the Nizam of Hyderabad "proclaimed" the inauguration of the Indian Republic and took the oath of office as Rajpramukh of Hyderabad.

The Nizam next hoisted the flag of the Indian Union a few yards away and resumed his seat when 20 guns were fired.

About 500 prisoners were released a day earlier to mark the occasion. The poor were fed by the State and prisoners treated to special diet including fruits.




Video: Message of Unity from Malegaon

'India Unity'

An English Play briliantly staged by Little Kids









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Sare Jahan Se Accha

Hindustan Hamara

In 1905 more than 100 years from today, when Iqbal was a lecturer at the Government College, Lahore he was invited by his student Lala Hardayal to preside over a function. Instead of making a speech, Iqbal sang Sare Jahan Se Accha Hindustan Hamara in his style. Iqbal compiled this poem in praise of India and the poem preaches the communal harmony that had unfortunately started ceasing in India by that time. Each and every word in this poem depicts an Indian’s respect and love for the motherland and the values the Indian society inherited for long...Read Full




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